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[船员常用资料] 航海英语评估完全

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发表于 2012-3-23 07:24:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Task 3 情境实训操作手册(参考)
第一章 公共英语
一 词汇
anchor [[ˈæŋkə ]  锚
autopilot [[ˈɔ:təpailət]  自动舵
bitt    [bit]系缆柱
bunk  [bʌŋk] 铺位
bottom [ˈbɔtəm] 船底(在水线下的船身部分)
bilge  [bildʒ]  舱底
draught [drɑ:ft]吃水
keel  [ki:l] 龙骨
life raft   救生筏
lifejacket  救生衣
lifeboat   救生艇
lifebuoy  [laifbɔi]  救生圈
bow thruster [ˈθrʌstə] 船首侧推器
bulbous bow [ˈbʌlbəs] 球鼻型船首
clove hitch [ˈkləuvə] [hitʃ]丁香结(一种结绳法)
double sheet bend 双编结(一种结绳法)
figure of eight  八字结  (一种结绳法)
bowline  单套结  (一种结绳法)
hold   货舱
saloon [səˈlu:n] 大台
cabin [ˈkæbin] 船员住舱
messroom [ˈmesru:m]食堂
capsize [kæpˈsaiz]倾覆
pitch [pitʃ] 船舶前后颠簸
sway  [swei]摇摆
surge [sə:dʒ] 船在浪中起伏
chart  [tʃɑ:t]  海图
compass [ˈkʌmpəs] 罗经
bollard  [ˈbɔlɑ:d] 系缆桩
truck  [trʌk] 卡车
container [kənˈteinə] 集装箱
radar   雷达
depth sounder  (回声)测深仪
VHF set    甚高频接收机
flashing light  闪光
fixed light   定光
group occulting light  [ɔˈkʌltiŋ] 联名暗光
single occulting light 明暗光(亮的时间等于或长于暗的时间)
dock   码头,船坞
forecastle deck [ˈfəuksl] 艏楼甲板
go aground  搁浅
fire extinguisher [ikˈstiŋɡwiʃə]灭火器
first aid kit  急救箱
air bottle    压缩空气瓶
breathing apparatus [ˈbri:ðiŋ] [ˌæpəˈreitəs] 氧气呼吸器
CO2 extinguisher二氧化碳灭火器(CO2 是carbon dioxide[ˈkɑ:bən] [daiˈɔksaid]的缩写
foam extinguisher [fəum]  泡沫灭火器
water fog  (消防)水雾
dry chemical  干粉
general alarm  全船警报
fire alarm  火警
fog bell   雾钟
emergency bell [iˈmə:dʒənsi] 应急钟
poop deck [pu:p] 船尾甲板
bridge  驾驶台
engine room  机舱
on fire   起火
under attack [əˈtæk]受到攻击
flood   进水
aground  [əˈɡraund]搁浅的
gyro compass repeater [ˈdʒaiərə] [ˈkʌmpəs] [riˈpi:tə]陀螺罗经复示器
hand flare  [flɛə](救生)手持火焰信号
SART(Search and Rescue Transponder) [trænsˈpɔndə]搜索救助应答器
EPIRB(Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon) [ˈbi:kən]应急无线电示位标
engine control room  主机控制室
helm [helm]  舵(轮)
communication center  通信中心
isophase light [ˈaisəfeiz] 等明暗光
telescope  [ˈteliskəup]望远镜
sextant  [ˈsekstənt]六分仪
leading light  导航叠标灯
registered length [ˈredʒistəd] 登记长度
overall length=Length Overall(LOA) [ˈəuvərɔ:l] [leŋθ]总长
the greatest length   最大长度
general cargo vessel 杂货船
container ship  集装箱船
Ro-Ro ferry  滚装渡轮
oil tanker   油轮
passenger ship  [ˈpæsindʒə]客船
bulk carrier [bʌlk] 散装货轮
capstan [ˈkæpstən] 绞盘
cargo winch  [wintʃ] 起货机
windlass [ˈwindləs] 起锚机
anchor chain  锚链
shackle  [ˈʃækl]  卸扣
chronometer [krəˈnɔmitə]天文钟
gyro compass  陀螺罗经
protective clothing [prəˈtektiv] [ˈkləuðiŋ]防护服
overalls  工装裤 工作裤
immersion suit  [iˈmə:ʃən] 浸水服
ahead 向前
astern [əsˈtə:n] 向后
abeam [əˈbi:m]正横
aloft  [əˈlɔft] 向上
helmet  [ˈhelmit]头盔
fire station    救火位置
muster station  [ˈmʌstə] 集合地点
embarkation station  [ˌembɑ:ˈkeiʃən]登艇位置
boat station   救生位置
life buoy with light and smoke  带灯和烟雾信号的救生圈
lifebuoy with line   带救生索的救生圈
lifebuoy with light  带灯的救生圈
radar transponder  雷达应答器
portable radio  [ˈpɔ:təbl] 便携式无线电
line throwing appliance [əˈplaiəns](救生)抛绳设备
rescue boat    救助艇
survival craft  [səˈvaivəl] 救生艇(筏)
evacuation slide  [iˌvækjuˈeiʃən] 撤离滑梯
emergency ladder   应急梯子
davit launched liferaft  [lɔ:ntʃt] 吊艇柱释放救生筏
pilot ladder  引航梯
survival craft distress signal [disˈtres] 救生艇遇险信号
rocket parachute flares [ˈpærəʃu:t](遇险)火箭降落伞信号
child’s lifejacket  儿童救生衣
sprinkler system  [ˈspriŋklə]自动喷水灭火系统
smoke detector  [diˈtektə]烟雾探测器
powder extinguisher  干粉灭火器
二、单句
Superintendents [ˌsju:pərinˈtendənt]监督
Greece   [ɡri:s]  希腊
Greek    [ɡri:k]  希腊人
Canada   [ˈkænədə] 加拿大
Canadian  [kəˈneidjən] 加拿大人
Africa  [ˈæfrikə]  非洲
African  [ˈæfrikən] 非洲人
America  [əˈmerikə] 美国
American [əˈmerikən] 美国人
Britain   [ˈbritən]  英国
British   [ˈbritiʃ]  英国人
date of birth    出生日
born           出生的
Please read      请说明
I want to know   我想知道
galley [ˈɡæli]    厨房
storeroom       贮藏室
next to         紧邻的
beside         在----旁边;挨着
hospital        医院
to the right of the Pilot’s.在引航员房间的右边
on the same deck as the Pilot’s.和引航员在同一甲板
Between----and-------在-------之间
on the right       在右边
pump room  [pʌmp]  泵房
rating’s mess-room  [ˈreitiŋ] 船员餐厅
take over the watch    接班
washing machines     洗衣机
laundry  [ˈlɔ:ndri]     洗衣房
steward   [stjuəd]     船上服务员
cabin     [ˈkæbin]    船员房间
office’s mess room     驾驶员餐厅
radio room           无线电室,报房
turn right            向右转
go up these stairs one level [stɛəz] 上一层楼梯
muster station  [ˈmʌstə]  集合地点
next to the hospital    紧邻医院
assemble    [əˈsembl]  集合
in case of emergency    如果发生紧急情况
the major cities in my country  我国的大城市
be familiar with     [fəˈmiljə]   熟悉
ship’s particulars  [pəˈtikjuləz]   船舶资料
ship’s safety features  [ˈfi:tʃəz] 船舶安全装置
三、对话
seaman’s book and passport [ˈpɑ:spɔ:t]海员证和护照
Genoa(热那亚), Italy  [ˈdʒenəuə]意大利热那亚
Berlin Germany    [bə:ˈlin]  [ˈdʒə:məni] 德国柏林
Immigration office  [ˌɪmiˈɡreiʃən]  移民局办公室
Immigration officer        移民局官员
crew list                 船员名单
dining room              饭厅
galley                    厨房
in order                  状况良好
chart room                海图室
safety video      [ˈvidiəu]   安全录像
ISPS: International Ship and Port facility Security Code国际船舶和港口设施保安规则 [fəˈsiliti] [siˈkjuəriti]
comedy  [ˈkɔmidi]喜剧
action movies  动作片
Rambo  movies  好斗的电影
fire alarm  火灾报警器
on the wall of the laundry  在洗衣间的墙上
life jacket 救生衣
cupboard  [ˈkʌbəd] 碗橱
life buoy    救生圈
fire extinguisher   灭火器
First Aid equipment  急救器材
deck railings  [ˈreiliŋz] 甲板栏杆
corridor     [ˈkɔridɔ:]  走廊
Rio de Janeiro  [ˈri(əu də dʒəˈniərəu] 里约热内卢(巴西港市,州名)
Bogota   [bɔgətə]  波哥大 (哥伦比亚首都)
Buenos Aires  [ˈbwenəsˈaiəriz]布宜诺斯艾利斯(阿根廷首都)
Caracas   [kəˈrækəs]加拉加斯(委内瑞拉首都)
Lima    [ˈli:mə]利马(秘鲁首都)
La Paz   [lɑ: ˈpæz] 拉巴斯(玻利维亚西部城市)
calm  sea     风平浪静的海面
souvenirs  [ˈsu:vəniəz]纪念品
open market     自由市场
ready to order    准备点菜/定货
Latte          牛奶(意大利文)
cafeteria    [ˌkæfiˈtiəriə] 自助餐厅;咖啡馆
vegetable       蔬菜
cabbage    [ˈkæbidʒ]   卷心菜
20 men’ consumption [kənˈsʌmpʃən] 20 人用量
frozen  chicken   [ˈfrəuzn]  冻鸡
lamb     [læm]     羊羔肉
loaf    [ləuf]       块(面包)
jacket               短上衣,夹克
port                港口
book shop           书店
bank                银行
restaurant  [ˈrestərənt]  餐馆,饭店
railway  station       火车站
shopping  mall  [mɔ:l]大型购物中心
hotel                 旅馆
cinema  [ˈsinəmə]     电影院
land                 (指船舶)靠岸
to declare  [diˈklɛə]   向海关申报应纳税物品
customs hall  [ˈkʌstəmz]  海关申报厅
pay  duty   纳税
duty-free  allowances  [əˈlauənsiz] 海关免税限量
visa    [ˈvi:zə]  签证
hotel  clerk  [klɑ:k]旅馆服务员
set dinner    套餐
a la  carte  [ɑ: lɑ: ˈkɑ:t]照菜单点菜,有别于套餐
foreign exchange department  外币兑换部
parcel  [ˈpɑ:səl]包裹
surface  mail  [ˈsə:fis]水陆路邮寄
air mail     航空邮寄
rank=position 职位
martial status  [ˈmɑ:ʃəl] [ˈsteitəs]婚姻状况
第三章 靠离与锚泊业务
一、 单句
relative  north-up (雷达)相对运动北向上显示
relative  course-up (雷达)相对运动航向向上显示
forecastle        船舶首喽
post             (在指定位置)派设;贴布告
bow            船首
look out          了望人员
port wing         上甲板的左侧
let go=cast off      解缆,抛锚
stand by=get ready  准备好
walk back          倒转绞盘,以便松出锚链
ease              送出
hawse pipe   [hɔ:z] 锚链筒
shackle           链节,是锚链长度的基本单位,等于27.5米
dredge    [dredʒ]  拖(锚)
anchor position     锚位
foul=cross   [faul]  (锚)回到锚链筒
towing lines       拖缆
make fast         挽牢
fairleads [ˈfɛəli:d]  导缆孔
quarter            船侧后部;尾舷
centre lead         中央导缆孔
heaving lines [ˈhi:viŋ] 撇缆
slack away  [slæk] (绳子等)放松,松弛
heave away       向外拉
on each bow       在船首两舷
on each quarter     在船后部两舷
dolphins [ˈdɔlfinz]  系缆桩
linesmen          系缆工
shackles           卸扣
pick up            收紧
slacks             松弛
be made tight       拉紧
check             (=ease away)使绳缆有控制地慢慢溜出停止
slack away         放松
pilot ladder        引航员梯(供引航员上下船用的绳梯)
leeside           下风舷
above water       水面上
aft               向船尾;在船尾
clear of           离开
discharge=outlets   排水孔
accommodation ladder [əˌkɔməˈdeiʃən] 舷梯
in combination with [ˌkɔmbiˈneiʃən] 与----结合
gangway  [ˈɡæŋwei]  舷梯
hoist   [hɔist]    升降机,起重机
alongside         在------旁边
boarding speed     登船速度
embark [imˈbɑ:k]   登船
disembark        离船
clear             离开;消失;通过,穿过,不接触
get away         离开
heave to          顶风停航
quay     [ki:]     码头
vacant berth [ˈveikənt] 空闲的泊位
searchlight/projector [prəˈdʒektə] 探照灯
suspend   [səˈspend]  暂停,其反义词是resume恢复
discontinue [ˈdiskənˈtinju]  停止,其反义词是continue 继续
transfer [trænsˈfə:]      转乘(指引航员从引航艇登上大船)
single up         单绑
diesel  [ˈdi:zəl]    柴油机
turbine  [ˈtə:bin]   涡轮机
be manned       有人操纵的
the bridge-engine room controlling system 驾驶台机舱控制系统
engine particulars   主机参数
in an emergency    在紧急的时候
extra power [ˈekstrə]  额外动力
variable/controllable pitch propeller [ˈvɛəriəbl] [prəˈpelə]可调螺距螺旋桨
fixed pitch propeller   固定螺距螺旋桨
right-hand propeller    右旋螺旋桨
left-hand propeller      左旋螺旋桨
bow thruster        船首侧推器
propulsion system  [prəˈpʌlʃən] 推进系统
turn inward or outward (螺旋桨)内旋或外旋
the diameter of the turning circle [daiˈæmitə] 旋回圈的直径
the advance and transfer distance 旋回纵距和横距
crash-stop     急停车
operational   操作中的;能使用的
be ready for   准备好可-------
blind sectors    (荧光屏)扇形阴影
scan  [skæn]    扫描
full sea speed  海上全速
automatic pilot  自动舵
steering system  操舵系统
drought forward  [draut] 首吃水
drought aft      尾吃水
the state of the vessel 船舶状态
trim by stern    [trim]  尾倾
air drought     水面上最大高度
ship’s particulars 船舶参数
cable leading    锚链方向
round the bow    绕过船首
up and down    (锚链)垂直
brought up      (锚)抓底
heave up       起锚
weight         受力
fenders  [ˈfendəz] 碰垫
get alongside    靠码头
fore and aft      船首和船尾
tension winches  [ˈtenʃən] 自动绞缆机
winches for mooring lines  系缆绞盘
broken spreader   [ˈspredə]   (引航梯)断裂的伸长踏板
Do you read me ? 你能听清吗?
Change to Channel 16.转换到16频道。
docking instructions [inˈstrʌkʃənz]  靠泊指令
ETD from-----预计离开----港的时间
ETA=Estimated Time of Arrival 预计到港时间
ETD=Estimated Time of Departure  [diˈpɑ:tʃə] 预计离港时间
leave for     驶往
arrive at       到达
call at       停靠
bulk carrier    散装货轮
crude carrier  [kru:d]  运油轮
port of registry [ˈredʒistri] 船籍港
port of destination [ˌdestiˈneiʃən] 目的港
port of departure   出发港
port of calls 沿途停靠的港口
last port of call   上一个挂靠港
next port of call   下一个挂靠港
air draft       水面上最大高度
gross tonnage  总吨位。总吨位是船舶的登记吨位,是船舶内部总容积的表示方法,表示船舶规模的大小和作为港口使费的计算基础。
net tonnage 净吨位,净吨位也是船舶的登记吨位。是船舶用来载货或载客的处所的容积表示方法,是计算各种港口费用或税金的基础,如港务费,引航费,码头费等。
deadweight tonnage 载重吨位,载重吨位是指船舶在空载水线与满载水线之间任一确定吃水时,船舶所能装载的最大重量,它等于所装载的所有货物,燃料,淡水船员及备品等重量总和。
net deadweight tonnage  净载重吨位。净载重吨位是指船员在具体航次中所能装载货物重量的最大值。
sea speed   海上速度
slow speed  慢速,例如slow ahead 前进(慢速前进)
dead slow speed 微速,例如 dead slow ahead 微速前进
convoy speed 护航速度
trim by the stern 尾倾
trim by the head  首倾
on even keel     平吃水
inclined  [inˈklaind ]倾斜的(指横倾)
list 倾斜;目录;名单;列出名单;列举
embark   上船
local time   当地时间
boarding time   上船时间
submerged wreck  [səbˈmə:dʒ] [rek]水下沉船
vessel restricted with draughts [risˈtriktid] 限于吃水的船
the vessel out of control   失控船
keep clear of----远离----;不接触
search and rescue in progress 搜索和救助在进行中
salvage operations [ˈsælvidʒ] 救助作业
UTC(=Universal Time Coordinated)世界协调时
二、 短文
make identification [aiˌdentifiˈkeiʃən] 识别
第四章 装卸作业
一、单句
bunker [ˈbʌŋkə] 燃料舱;在燃料舱中贮存或放置(燃料)
still    还,在数量或程度上增大地
replenish [riˈpleniʃ]补充
more (addition; extra) 额外的
double bottom tanks   双层底舱
heavy lifts/cargo 重件货
heavy derrick [ˈderik]重吊杆
ballast tanks  [ˈbæləst] 压载舱
loading rate    装货速度
hatch covers   舱盖
check 检查核对;在---上或旁边打勾
hold ventilators [ˈventileitəz]  货舱通风设备
separation of different lots  [ˌsepəˈreiʃən]各票货的隔票
completed   全部的,完全的
unload/ discharge  卸货
handling gear  [ɡiə] 装卸货设备
cargo gear 装卸货设备
cargo stowage [ˈstəuidʒ] 货物积载
interlock of the stowpieces  [ˌɪntəˈlɔk]装载件的互锁装置
secure   [siˈkjuə] 绑扎固定
rope clips    钢索夹
emit flammable gases [iˈmit] 散发可燃气体
in contact with water 与水接触
be liable to  [ˈlaiəbl] 易于-------
spontaneous heating and combustion  [spɔnˈteiniəs] [kəmˈbʌstʃən] 自动热并燃烧
away from   远离
technical name  专业技术名称
marks 标志
labels  [ˈleibəlz] 标签
segregation [ˌseɡriˈɡeiʃən] 隔离
IMO Class IV (flammable solids) goods  IMO 第四类危险货物(可燃固体)
tarpaulins [tɑ:ˈpɔ:linz] 防水油布
flammable goods  易燃货物
engine room bulkhead   机舱舱壁
infectious substances/ goods  [inˈfekʃəs] [ˈsʌbstənsiz]传染性物质/货物
separate by one compartment/ hold  [kəmˈpɑ:tmənt] 用一个舱室/货舱隔离
slings with drums of IMO Class IV goods  一吊装有IMO第四类危险货物的桶货
drummed dangerous goods   桶装危险货物
bottled dangerous goods     瓶装危险货物
pier           突码头;突堤
IMO  Class III  goods (flammable liquids) goods IMO第三类危险货物(可燃液体)
cool down  冷却
ventilate   通风
close/shut the hatch    关舱
operate/switch on the fire extinguishing system 启动灭火系统
overtime work 加班工作
overtime pay   加班费
extra charges   附加费
guy rope  [ɡai]    稳索
serviceable  [ˈsə:visəbl]   有用的
unfasten       解开
position       位置
lay flat        放平
beam     [bi:m]  梁,横梁
ship   把------装上船
put back  把----放回原处
hatch boards   舱口盖板
shippers    托运人
Mate’s Receipt [riˈsi:t]大副收据
safety measures  [ˈmeʒəz]安全措施
facilitate  [fəˈsiliteit]   使容易,使便利
the swing of the boom [swiŋ] 吊杆的摆动
make for  有助于
seaside     向海一舷
shoreside    向岸一舷
lifting capacity [kəˈpæsiti] 起重能力
jumbo/heavy derrick  [ˈdʒʌmbəu] [ˈderik]重吊杆
weight/lift   吊
the arm of the floating crane  [krein]  浮吊臂长
the middle/centre of the hatch   舱口中央
winch/cargo winch 起货机
windlass [ˈwindləs] 绞盘
crane     起重机,绞盘
overload   过载
exceeding working limit  [ikˈsi:d]超过工作限额
the two cases of drugs  两箱药
the cased drugs   箱装的药
cargo plan       积载图;装货计划图
smelling cargo   气味货
snatch block   [snætʃ]  开口滑车
by bearing it on the winch   通过起货机施加的力
steadier            平稳的
controller handle      操纵手柄
step by step/ gear by gear  逐步地
reefer container list   [ˈri:fə] 冷藏箱集装箱
container loading list   集装箱装箱单
export manifest  [ˈmænifest]     出口舱单
import manifest       进口货物舱单
reefer service       卫生部门
survey         检验
pre-cooled       预冷
use up           用完
dunnage planks and mats  [ˈdʌnidʒ] 垫舱木板和草席
no more       不再有
charterers      (船舶)承租人
be responsible for sth  [riˈspɔnsəbl] 对某事负责
be responsible for sb    对某人负责
in no way   决不
be to blame   应受谴责
chief tally   [ˈtæli] 理货长
keep contact with/ keep in touch with 与----保持联络
cleanliness   清洁
reefer compartments 冷藏室
carton 纸板箱
crosswise    成十字状地,交叉地
wet cargo    湿货
fragile cargo  [ˈfrædʒail]易碎货
delicate cargo [ˈdelikit] 精制货
be covered with   盖着,覆着
as well  最好
cargo battens  [ˈbætənz] 货舱壁护条
spar ceilings [spɑ:]货舱壁樯板
lower hold   底舱
wooden ventilations 木质通风装置
cover up          覆盖
kraft  paper    牛皮纸
moisture/damp damage [ˈmɔistʃə]  潮湿损坏
handling gear       装卸货设备
cargo facility        装卸货设备
lots               货票
overstow           (后卸货装在先卸货之上的)货物倒装
fill up             装满;填满
broken stowage     亏舱
oxidizing           氧化
handle with caution   谨慎装卸
take care of------小心照料
oxidizing    cargoes [ˈɔksidaiziŋ]  氧化物
combustible  cargoes  [kəmˈbʌstibl] 易燃物
toxic      [ˈtɔksik]   有毒的
poisonous cargo [ˈpɔizənəs] 有毒货物
be liable to spontaneous heating and combustion 易于自发热和燃烧
infectious substance  传染物质
foodstuffs           食品,粮食
contagious  cargo  [kənˈteidʒəs]  传染性货物
to improve stability   [stəˈbiliti] 改善稳性
restow             重新装载
switch on/turn on   接通;开启
to supply air        补充空气
for air supply       输气
shipping seas       上浪
stained     [steind] 沾污
bales  [beilz]捆包
water-stained  水痕
drum lids     桶盖
overflow      溢出
due to        由于,应归于
pumping rate   泵速
specifications [ˌspes ifiˈkeiʃənz] 规格
disconnect     拆开
二、对话
hold capacity   货舱容积,舱容量
bale capacity    包装货容积
grain capacity    载货能力
TEU(=Twentyfoot Equivalent Unit(20 英尺标准集装箱)
trailers  [ˈtreilə] 拖车
safety load 安全负荷
dockside cranes  码头起重机
safe working load  (SWL)安全工作荷载
reach of the crane    起重机臂伸出长度
turnover  周转率;转向
cargo handling turnover 货物装卸转向能力
handling capacity   装卸能力
container gantry  [ˈɡæntri]  集装箱起重机
shore crane        码头起重机
grain elevator      谷物升降机
ore loader  [ɔ:]    矿石装载机
pumping  capacity   泵送能力
cargo  pumps   液货泵
hatch covers    舱盖
hatch coaming  [ˈkəumiŋ] 舱口围板
rubber seals     橡胶封条
sea-valves   [vælvz]    海水阀
absorbent materials  [əbˈsɔ:bənt] 吸附材料
oil clearance        油清除,清理
emergency fire pumps 应急消防泵
gangs             装卸工班
main hold      主货舱
shifts           轮班
around the clock 昼夜不停,连续一整天
opening and closing the hatches 开舱和关舱
Charter Party  租船合同
GENCON金康租船合同(voyage charter party 航次租船合同)
daily loading operation 每日装货作业
customs of the port    港口惯例
automatic hatch cover   自动舱盖
Mac Gregor hatch covers    Mac Gregor自动舱盖
hatch tents     舱口雨篷
outboard       向舷外的
tackles   [ˈtæklz] 索具,滑车
be out of use    没有人用
disused        停止使用
in disputes  [disˈpju:ts]   争议
manifest   [ˈmænifest] 舱单
with care        小心
cautiously      慎重地
bagged cargo  袋装货物
improperly   [imˈprɔpəli]  不正确地
deal with        处理
cargo runner    吊货钢丝
fray      [frei]  被磨损
cargo wire      吊货钢丝
wear out        用坏,用破,疲乏
cargo light      装卸作业灯, 货舱灯
fix up         安排,解决
the rotation of the discharging ports  [rəuˈteiʃn] 卸货港的顺序
Antwerp     [ˈæntwə:p]    安特卫普(比利时)
Notice of Readiness  装卸准备就绪通知
wharfside       里档
overside        外档
sagging     [sæɡ]    中垂
bilges       [bildʒ]   舱底
single dunnage    单层垫舱
lower layer athwartship  底层横过船方向的
upper layer fore and aft  上层纵向的
case planks      箱板
bulged     [bʌldʒd] 膨出
second-hand cases  用过的箱子
pilfer           偷窃
rough handling    粗暴的装卸
improper handling  操作不当
dispose of        处理
tallying figures    理货数字
pipe connections 管接头
三、 短文
cargo list        装船清单
safety arrangements  [əˈreindʒmənts]安全装置
dunnaging material   垫舱物料
第五章 航行
一、单句
floating ice 浮冰
icebergs    冰山
high-powered vessels  大马力船
strong construction  强结构
with ice-breaker  assistance   有破冰船帮助
datum  [ˈdeitəm]是指tide datum 潮高基准面
prediction/forecast     [priˈdikʃən] 预报
charted depth of water   海图水深
unlit      无灯光的
charted light Huaniaoshan   图示的花鸟山灯标
off station   离开位置
superbuoy    大型浮标
unusable      [ˌʌnˈju:ʒuəl]不能用的
time of restoration  [ˌrestəˈreiʃən]恢复的时间
uncharted rock/reef   海图上未标示的暗礁
uncharted wreck     海图上未标示的沉船
transshipment of oil    驳油
wide berth     要求保持安全距离
fishing gear     渔具
twist        [twist]   缠绕
pull back       收回
decrease to      减小到
mist          薄雾
radar reference line of the fairway  航道的雷达基准线
on opposite course/ on the reciprocal course  [riˈsiprəkəl]相反航向的
converge to---汇聚于-------
diverge from---   [daiˈvə:dʒ]偏离-----
wind direction and force 风向和风力
variable (风向)不定
atmospheric  pressure  大气压力
air pressure     气压
hectopascals 百帕(气压单位,1百帕等于1毫巴)
barometric change [ˌbærəuˈmetrik] 气压变化
within a radius of 5 miles of the centre.  [ˈreidjəs]在风暴中心半径5英里范围内
storm centre 风暴中心
dangerous semicircle 危险半圆
sea state海况
smooth sea  小浪
slight sea    轻浪
slight swell  [swel] 小涌
moderate swell中涌
moderate sea  中浪
high swell   强涌
rough sea   大浪
visibility    [ˌviziˈbiliti] 能见度
poor        差(能见度小于2海里)
moderate   中等(能见度为5海里)
good      良好(能见度为10海里)
very good 非常好(能见度为20海里)
the latest ice information  最新冰情
pack ice  (海上相互重叠的)浮冰块,积冰
cable operation 铺设海底电缆作业
pipeline operation 铺设管线作业
seismic survey   [ˈsaizmik] 地震勘测
roger     收到了;知道了
dredging operations  疏竣作业
seismic cable 地震电缆
current meters   测流计
hydrographic instrument  [ˌhaidrəuˈɡræfik] 水文测量仪
gunnery exercise  射击练习
fog bank      雾障
三、短文
sunny and warm    晴朗温暖
cloudy and cool    多云凉爽
cool and windy     多云有风
第七章 事故处理
一、单句
tropical storm  [ˈtrɔpikəl]热带风暴
fitter repair 适当修理
hose burst  [həuz] 油管爆裂
pirate   [ˈpaiərit]  海盗
report form  报告表
leak=make water 进水
strain [strein]扭伤
bumped into 撞击
chisel     [ˈtʃizl]  凿子
toxic gases  [ˈtɔksik]毒气
enclosed spaces   封闭舱室
check the air      检验空气
lightering hose     驳油管
manifold      [ˈmænifəuld] 歧管
safety boots     安全靴
detective electrical appliances=electrical equipment is faulty [ˈfɔ:lti]有缺陷的电气装置
barge  [bɑ:dʒ]驳船
crack  [kræk]裂缝
submerged rock  水下暗礁
collision mats    堵漏垫
the carpenter to sound round the vessel=The carpenter is to measure the depth of water around.  [ˈkɑ:pintə] 木匠测量船舶四周水深
booms 浮木档栅
oil slick   [slik]浮油
fracture one’s leg  [ˈfræktʃə] 腿骨折
leak gas  泄露气体
port authority  [ɔ:ˈθɔriti] 港口当局
fish meal 鱼粉
steering gear was not working=disable 丧失航行能力
tossed about  反复颠簸
heavy weather 恶劣天气
the exact extent of damage 准确的损坏程度
safe distance 安全距离
dent   [dent] 凹,凹痕
crust  [krʌst] 压碎
unseaworthiness  不适航
particular average 单独海损
general average   共同海损
二、对话
refer to the manual 查阅手册
stove    炉子
frying pan  [frai] 煎锅
fire blanket 灭火毯
minor accident  [ˈmainə] 小事故
major accident  大事故
blade  [bleid] 刀片
bruise one’s ankle  [bru:z]碰伤踝骨
leakage of crude oil into the sea  原油泄露到海里
beyond dispute [disˈpju:t]无疑地
demand compensation=claim compensation [ˌkɔmpenˈseiʃən]索赔
have every reason 有充分理由
fail to  未能
the whole responsibility lies on your side [riˌspɔnsəˈbiliti]全部责任在你方
It is beyond our comprehension that. [ˌkɔmpriˈhenʃən] 我们不能理解------
pick up  捞起
legal action  诉讼
joining shackle 连接卸扣
encounter heavy stormy weather [inˈkauntə]遇到暴风雨天气。
danger of reduced stability. 降低稳性的危险
danger of breaking apart    断裂的危险
三、短文
port of destination   目的港
refrigerated vessel   冷藏船
car carrier   汽车运载船
submit an Accident Report  [səbˈmit]提交事故报告
第八章 消防与船员自救
一、单句
fire patrols [pəˈtrəulz]消防巡逻
round     例行巡视
accommodation area  居住区
living spaces 生活区
inspection tags [inˈspekʃən] 检查标签
portable extinguishers   便携式灭火器
out of date   过期
hoses       水龙带
hydrants    [ˈhaidrənts] 消防栓
spanners    [ˈspænə]  扳手
nozzles     [ˈnɔzlz]  喷嘴
burnt smell   燃烧气味
turn bow to windward  转向使船首迎风(船尾失火)
turn stern to windward 转向使船尾迎风(船首失火)
turn bow to leeward   转向使船首处于下风
fire fighting teams  灭火队
scene    现场
fire spot   火场
distribution of cargo  [ˌdistriˈbju:ʃən] 货物分布
jettison cargo  投弃货物
throw overboard  抛弃船外
plan for man/person overboard drill  人落水演习计划
a plan for a nighttime drill  夜间演习计划
in sight   被看到
alarm signal  警报,警报信号
urgency message  紧急信号
Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Center (MRCC)海上救助协调中心
man   为---配备人手,在------就位
man overboard station 人落水岗位
light signals    灯号
flag signal      旗号
vessel in distress  遇险船舶
line throwing apparatus  [ˌæpəˈreitəs] (救生)抛绳设备
outboard lighting 舷外照明
survivor in water  [səˈvaivə] 水中幸存者
the name of the vessel with survivors 有幸存者船舶的名称
the destination of the vessel with survivors 有幸存者船舶的目的港
number of survivors on the vessel 船上幸存者的人数
the condition of survivors 幸存者的状况
the condition of the vessel in distress 遇险船的状况
the cancellation of search and rescue  [kænsəˈleiʃən] 取消搜索和救助
keep sharp lookout   保持敏锐了望
be alert for  [əˈlə:t] 警惕------
On-scene Co-ordinator (OSC) 现场协调员
damage control material   堵漏材料
Additional emergency generator=extra emergency generator 额外的紧急发动机
二、对话
fire alarm  火灾警报器
smoke alarm   烟雾报警器
portable extinguisher 便携式灭火器
fire main  消防总管
in position   在适当的位置
accessible   [ækˈsesəbl] 易接近的,易进入的,易取得的
fixed foam system  固定泡沫灭火系统
fixed gas fire extinguishing system  固定气体灭火系统
sprinkler system  [ˈspriŋklə] 喷水灭火系统
remote control   [riˈməut] 遥控装置
ventilation system [ˌventiˈleiʃən] 通风系统
electrical lighting 电气照明
emergency power supply  应急电源
firemen’s outfits   消防员装备
first aid team   急救队
retreat signal/ signal for drawing back  [riˈtri:t] 撤退信号
rope off 用绳子围起
re-ignition  [iɡˈniʃən] 复燃
put out 扑灭
bilge pumps  [bildʒ] 船底排水泵
blackout    断电
capsize  [kæpˈsaiz](船)翻覆
damage control team 堵漏队;船损控制队
breaking apart   断裂
damage by sea 浪损
cracks in plating 船壳板裂缝
indentation to plating [ˌɪndenˈteiʃən]船壳板凹陷
forepeak 首尖舱
afterpeak  尾尖舱
rescue litter  [ˈlitə] 救助担架
rescue boat 救助艇
motor lifeboat  机动救生艇
rescue net  救生网
rescue sling  救生索
suffer from shock 休克
acknowledged [əkˈnɔlidʒd]确认收悉,告知收到
the number of casualties  [ˈkæʒjuəlties]伤亡人员数
三、短文
be in command of---- 指挥
第九章 救助
一、单句
require=need 需要
fire fighting assistance 灭火帮助
medical assistance 医疗帮助
breathing apparatus  氧气呼吸器
foam extinguishers 泡沫灭火器
in critical condition/ in dangerous state [ˈkritikəl] 处于危险状况
escort  [ˈeskɔ:t] 护航
tug assistance   拖轮帮助
without assistance=assistance is no longer needed. 不再需要帮助
collide with=be in collision with 与---碰撞
unknown object 不明物体
unknown vessel 不明船舶
unknown seamark  不明航标
establish=be sure  [isˈtæbliʃ] 肯定
dangerous list 危险横倾
transfer cargo  转移货物
jettison cargo   投弃货物
transfer bunkers 移动燃料
drift=be disabled and adrift 漂流
navigational assistance 航行帮助
military assistance  [ˈmilitəri] 军事帮助
navigational equipment 航行设备
abandon vessel 弃船
piracy   [ˈpairəsi] 海盗行为
armed attack  武装攻击
proceed with-go on with 继续进行
keep sharp lookout  保持敏锐了望
sector search pattern  分区搜索
square search pattern  [skwɛə] 正方形搜索
hospital transfer     向医院转送伤员
pick up persons      救起人员
transfer the persons   转送人员
embarkation=to board the vessel登船
Ice-breaker assistance   破冰船帮助
convoy [ˈkɔnvɔi] 护航,护送
fleet    船队
distance between vessels  船舶间距离
stay where you are. 停在你现在的位置
二、对话
diver    潜水员
amidships   在船中部
full length   全长
to refloat     脱浅,使再浮起
IMO-class cargo IMO 类别危险货物
when tide rises  涨潮时
when weather improves 天气变好时
with tug assistance    借助拖轮帮助
when draft decreases  [di:ˈkri:s] 吃水减小时
disabled and adrift   丧失航行能力漂浮
MAYDAY RELAY  转发遇险呼叫
make a lee for me   置我船于下风
lost a person overboard 人落水
On-Scene Co-ordinator (OSC) 现场协调员
initial course  [iˈniʃəl] 初始航向
picked up 5 persons in life jackets 救起穿救生衣的五个人
rendezvous [ˈrɔndivu:] 集合点
relative wind direction 视风向
contact point   降落点
hoist  [hɔist]升降索
rescue basket  救生篮
rescue litter    救生担架
be fast in ice=be ice bound 被冰封住
stern notch  [nɔtʃ] 尾槽口
vessel’s bitts 船上系缆桩
close-coupled towing 紧藕拖带
the result of search 搜索结果
三、短文
not under command  失控
to navigate with caution 谨慎驾驶
第十章 遇险
一、单句
be on fire=fire broke out 着火
cannot control flooding=flooding is beyond control 不能控制进水
be in critical condition=be in a dangerous state处于危险状况
collide with=be in collision with与---碰撞
cannot establish damage =damage cannot be determined 不能确定损坏
dangerous goods of IMO-Class I (explosives) IMO 第一类危险货(易燃液体)
dangerous goods of IMO-Class III(flammable liquids ) IMO 第三类危险货(易燃液体)
dangerous goods of IMO-Class VI (toxic and infectious substance) IMO 第六类危险货(有毒的和有传染性的物质)
dangerous goods of IMO-Class VII(radioactive materials ) IMO第七类危险货(辐射物质)
dangerous goods of IMO-Class VIII(corrosive) [kəˈrəusiv]第八类危险货(腐蚀性物质)
life-saving appliance 求生器具
Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre(MRCC) 海上求助协调中心
二、对话
I am maneuvering with difficulty [məˈnu:vəriŋ]我操纵困难
keep clear of me 请远离我
a drum with chemicals 装有化学品的一个桶
backing (风向)逆转
veering [viə]  (风向) 顺转
make identification signals 发识别信号
by smoke/by flags/by searchlight 用烟雾/旗号/探照灯
occupational safety equipment  [ˌɔkjuˈpeiʃənl] 岗位安全设备
assign an officer responsible for safety 指定一名驾驶员负责安全
work on masts 在大栀上作业
work aloft  [əˈlɔft] 高空作业
extreme weather conditions =heavy weather 恶劣天气情况
三、短文
call sign 呼号
第十一章 港口国检查
一、 单句
certificates and documents 证书和文件
certificates of competency  [ˈkɔmpitənsi] 适任证书
ship’s registry certificate 船舶国籍证书;登记证
forge =fake  [fɔ:dʒ]伪造
be in conformity with  [kənˈfɔ:miti] 和…相适应;和…一致[符合]
be not up to standard 没有达到标准
enough certificated crewmembers 足够的持证船员
manned with 配员标准
duly qualified crew 正式
period of validity  [vəˈliditi] 有效期
overdue  有效期
extend 延长(有效期)
deficiency/defect [diˈfiʃənsi] 缺陷
solve 解决
rectify  [ˈrektifai] 矫正
fix 修理解决
put right 使恢复正常;纠正错误
correct 矫正
unseaworthy 不适航
detain  [diˈtein] 滞留
put at sea 出海航行
pose    [pəuz] 造成
endanger 危及
dispense with  [disˈpens] 没有…也行
must be available and valid 必须持有并且有效
expired certificate  [iksˈpaiəd] 期满的证书
magnetic compass adjusting table [mæɡˈnetik] 磁盘经校正表
overdue 过期的
apply for 申请
sensibility of the repeater  [ˌsensiˈbiliti] 陀螺罗经复示器的灵敏度
the starting up of the radar 雷达启动
time limit 时限
the sensibility of the steering gear 舵机的灵敏性
luminous range  [ˈlu:minəs] 光力能见距离
masthead light 桅顶灯
lifeline 救生索
expiry date 满期日; 终止日期;有效期限
ineffective = not effective 无效
lifejackets救生衣
self-igniting lights  自明灯(救生圈上配有救生索和自明灯)
overhaul certificate [ˌəuvəˈhɔ:l] 检验证书
inflatable liferaft  [inˈfleitəbl] 气涨式救生筏
oxygen cylinders  [ˈsilində] 氧气瓶
re-charging 重新充填
fireman’s outfit 消防员装备
foam extinguisher 泡沫灭火器
spot check     抽查
alarm device   [diˈvais]   报警装置
oil sludge   [slʌdʒ]  污油泥
incinerator   [inˈsinəreitə] 焚化炉
oily bilge   [ˈɔili] 船底污水
oily water separation 油水分离
the state of corrosion and wastage  [kəˈrəuʒən] 腐蚀和损耗状况
the operating condition of the magnetic compass 磁罗经的工作状况
the state of last calibration  [ˈkælibreiʃən] 校准日期
echo sounder [ˈekəu]  回声测深仪
Sailing Directions  航路指南
List of Lights   灯标表
Tide Table       潮汐表
nautical publications   航海图书
training manual     训练手册
maintenance instructions  [ˈmeintinəns] 保养说明书
life-saving appliances    救生器具
internal communication system  [inˈtə:nəl] 船内通行系统
the operating condition of main steering gear   主舵机的工作状况
the davits and winches of the lifeboats  救生艇的吊艇柱和绞盘
the lifeboat launching arrangements.救生艇的放艇设备
the condition of the drainage and cleanliness  [ˈdreinidʒ] 排水和清洁状况
sanitary facilities  [ˈsænitəri] 卫生设备
accommodation spaces  起居舱室
二、对话
Safety Radio Certificate 无线电安全证书
Safety Equipment Certificate 设备安全证书
Detention is inevitable.  [diˈtenʃən] 滞留是不可能避免的
recheck= check again 在检查
impose a fine  [imˈpəuz] 征收罚款
act against 违反
expired =overdue 过期的
compass adjuster 磁罗经校正师
the activating of the radar 雷达启动
the screen display of the radar  雷达的荧光屏显示
up-to-date charts 最新版海图
coaming 舱口围板
watertightness  [ˈwɔ:tətaitnis]水密性
packing 密封圈
cleats  [kli:ts]楔子
tarpaulins  [tɑ:ˈpɔ:linz] 防水油布
Muster Lists  [ˈmʌstə] 应变部署表
fire control plan 防火布置图
training manual 训练手册
the maintenance instruction 保养说明书
boat drill 救生演习
fire drill 消防演习
air tank 氧气筒
volume of fuel oil 燃料油数量
boat fall 吊艇辘绳
end for end 两端的位置颠倒
retro-reflective tape 反光带
quick release devices  [riˈli:s] 快速释放装置
immersion suit 浸水服
parachutes signal 降落伞遇险信号
main fire lines 消防总管
ear defender 护耳器
fire detection system 探火系统
anchoring and mooring equipment 锚泊和系泊设备
oil sludge  [slʌdʒ] 污油泥
oily wastes 含油废物
oil residue  [ˈrezidju:] 油渣
air conditioning 空调系统
三、短文
Lloyd’s=Lloyd’s Register of shipping  [lɔid] 英国船级社
DPA=Designated Person Ashore  [ˈdeziɡneit] 岸上指定人员
trade area  航区
CCS=China Classification Society  [ˌklæsifiˈkeiʃən]中国船级社
第十二章 ISPS
一、 单句
terrorists  [ˈterərists] 恐怖分子
weapon   [ˈwepən]武器
ISPS=International Ship and Port facility Security Code  [siˈkjuəriti]国际船舶保安和港口设备保安规则
mandatory  [ˈmændətəri]强制的
guidelines  [ˈɡaidlainz] 指导方针
Ship Security Plan(SSP) 船舶保安计划
Automatic Identification System(AIS)  自动识别系统
Ship Security Alert System (SSAS) 船舶保安报警系统
Ship Security Alert  (SSA)  船舶保安报警
competent authority  主管当局
ship’s identification numbers  船舶识别编号
Continuous Synopsis  Record (CSR)  [siˈnɔpsis] 连续概要记录
Ship Security Assessment(SSA)  [əˈsesmənt]  船舶保安评估
Company Security Officer(CSO)公司保安员
International Ship Security Certificate(ISSC) 国际船舶保安证书
Security level   保安级别
Security measure  保安措施
Declaration of Security (DOS)  [ˌdekləˈreiʃən]  保安声明
in co-operation with  与---共同
restricted areas   限制区
consistent with  [kənˈsistənt] 与----一致的
ship security  training  [siˈkjuəriti] 船舶保安训练
二、对话
activating locating of Ship Security Alert System  船舶保安报警系统的启动位置
三、短文
training and drills   训练和演习






Chapter One
1. Please say something about your hometown.
(a) The geographical position, population and features of your hometown.
(b) The environment and customs of your hometown.
(c) The specialties of your hometown
My hometown is Tianjin. It is the biggest port in Northern China. It has a population of 12 million. There are many factories in the city, such as the steel plant, shipyard, chemical plant, etc. Tianjin is famous for its snack, such as the Tianjin Twist, Ear Hole Fried Cake, and so on. You can enjoy the delicious food in the Food Street. Tianjin is developing very fast, and it is the economy center of Northern China at present. Tianjin is also famous for its beautiful scenery. There are many famous tourist spots attracting tourists home and abroad every year. My home town is very beautiful, and I love her so much.

2. Please say something about yourself.
(a) Your name, age, rank, working experiences, hobbies.
(b) Your daily work
(c) Your spare time activities
My name is Zhanglin. I am 26 years old. I graduated from Tianjin Maritime Vocational Institute. I am an A.B. I have five-year experience on board. I have worked on general cargo ship for five years. My hobbies are playing chess with my friends and collecting stamps. My daily work is to perform assigned bridge watch standing and navigational duties. My watch standing  time is from 0800 to 1200 a.m. and from 2000 to 2400 p.m. when at sea, in my spare time, I sometimes read a book or listen to some light music.
3. Please say something about your family.
(a) Members of your family
(b) Their occupations
(c) Their hobbies and characteristics
My family is a happy one. There are three people in my family, my wife, a lovely son and I. My wife is a teacher in a middle school. My son is a pupil in a primary school. He is in grade two class three. He is a very clever boy. My wife likes her work very much. In her spare time she likes reading books or listening to music. My son enjoys playing the piano after finishing his homework.
4. Your favorite port you have called at.
(a) A simple introduction of the port
(b) Reasons why you like it.
(c) Anything special about it.
As a seaman working on board for many years, I have called at many places. I, however, believe Tianjin is my favorite port. It is the biggest port in Northern China. It has a population of 12 million. There are many factories in the city, such as the steel plant, shipyard, chemical plant, etc. Tianjin is famous for its snack, such as the Tianjin Twist, Ear Hole Fried Cake, and so on. You can enjoy the delicious food in the Food Street. Tianjin is developing very fast, and it is the economy center of Northern China at present. Tianjin is also famous for its beautiful scenery. There are many famous tourist spots attracting tourists home and abroad every year.
As a seaman working on board for many years, I have called at many places. I, however, believe Singapore is my favorite port. The city can be described as a garden city. Everything there looks green and clear. I believe anyone who has been to Singapore will certainly come to such a conclusion that Singapore is a city of best scenery and least pollution. In addition, smooth and light traffic also leaves foreigners deep impression. Chinese is one of the official languages there. So it will not be troublesome for a Chinese who cannot speak any English to go shopping, sightseeing, etc. Besides, the people there are all well-mannered and warm-hearted. They are always ready to offer help. That’s why many Chinese seamen are excited when Singapore comes into their view. I am one of them.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Please say something about your responsibilities on board.
(a) Your position on board
(b) Your daily work on board
(c) Your duties on board
On board, I work as a third officer of the deck department. I have plenty of work to do on board ship. During navigation, I must maneuver the ship and stand watches on the bridge from 0800 to 1200 and from 2000 to 2400. While on duty, I am the captain’s representative. I must maintain a proper look-out at all times by sight and hearing, and by all available means. I also make the most effective use of the navigational equipment, such as radar, GPS, to fix ship’s positions. If there is any risk of collision exists, I will execute collision avoidance maneuver in full accordance with COLREGS. If it is necessary, I will notify the captain, for example, when we are navigating in or near an area of restricted visibility. Meanwhile, I am in charge of the life-saving appliances and fire-fighting equipments.  I must maintain the life-saving appliance and fire-fighting equipment in good condition. Of course, I love the life on board and I have plenty of time to study and think. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I work on the deck department. I am an A.B.
When at sea, every morning I go to the bridge and take over the watch form the A.B. on duty at 0750. I am on the bridge to steer the wheel from 0800 to 1200 and from 2000 to 2400 every day. My duty on board is to steer the wheel as per the order of the captain or pilot. When in port, every day the bosun assigns the work to us. We do daily maintenance work, for example, rust removing and painting, maintenance of riggings, maintenance of life-saving appliances and fore-fighting equipments.
Answer the questions
1. What is your date of birth?
My date of birth is the 7th of April 1989.
2. What’s your seaman’s book number?
It’s A396625.
3. Where are you from?
I am from Tianjin
4. What is your captain’s nationality?
  My captain’s nationality is China.
5 What do you think is the most important thin on board?
I think the most important thing on board is safety
6. What ports do you often call at?
  I often call at Dalian, Shanghai, and Honking.
7. What is your favorite TV program?
  My favorite TV program is action movies.
8. What’s your favorite Web site?
 My favorite Web site is www. CCTV. com.
9. What’s your favorite day of the week? Why?
  My favorite day of the week is Friday. Because it is weekend and the next date is off day.
10. What’s your favorite kind of movie?
   My favorite movie is action movie.
11. What’s your favorite kind of music?
   My favorite music is light music.
12. What is your magazine?
   My favorite magazine is TIMES.
13. What is the population of your hometown?
   The population of my hometown is 6 million.
14. What’s the population of your country?
   The population of my country is 1.3 billion.
15. What’s the best thing about your hometown?
   The best thing about my hometown is the weather. It is neither too hot in summer nor too cold in winter.
16. What’s the worst thing about your hometown?
   The worst thing about my hometown is the cost of living is too high, especially cost of medicine, education and house.
17. What’s your hometown like?
   My hometown is a beautiful port in Northern China.
18. Do you have many disasters in your country which are caused by weather?
   Yes. There are many disasters, such as earthquake, flooding, typhoon etc.
19. What sports do you like to watch on TV?
   I like to watch football games on TV.
20. What do you think is the most popular sport in the world?
   I think the most popular sport in the world is football match.





Chapter Two  进出港业务
口述题
1. Say something about how to apply for radio pratique.
(a) Your ship’s particulars and voyage briefs.
(b) Crewmembers’ health condition, cargo information and ship’s sanitary condition at present.
(c) Some certificates relating to quarantine inspection.
When applying for radio pratique, we should send a radio pratique request to the agent by fax or telex, containing the following information:
(1) The ship’s particulars and voyage briefs;
(2) Crew list; Crewmembers’ health condition, cargo information and the ship’s sanitary condition at present;
(3) Copies of ship’s certificates for quarantine inspections, such as Sanitary Certificate, the Health Declaration Form, the Deratization Certificate, Clearance from the last port etc, and ask the agent for the authority to grant the radio pratique.
2. Describe the requirements on ship’s seaworthiness in terms of certificates and papers which need to be carried on board.  
(a) List major certificates on board and describe their particulars:
(b) Categorize those certificates (class certificates, statutory certificates)                                                   
(c) The management of those certificates,                     
A seaworthy vessel must have the valid documents and certificates on board showing she is in compliance with the relevant convention, such as, Ship’s Certificate of Registry, Certificate of Vessel’s Nationality, Tonnage Certificate, Load Line Certificate, Stability Manual, Minimum Safety Manning Certificate, the Certificate of Competency for seafarers, International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate; Oil Record, Shipboard Oil Emergency Plan, Garbage Record Book, Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate and so on. The captain should keep them in file, listing out their respective valid date, last surveyed, or extended. Otherwise it may bring about trouble.  
3. Describe the shipboard customs formalities.
(a) The main duties of the customs officers.                 
(b) Preparations before customs officers come on board,         
(c) Your experiences you have ever had with customs officers.
The main duties of the customs officers are to check some documents, such as the Customs Declaration Form, Crew Lists, Crew Personal Articles Lists, Stores and Provisions List, the Import Cargo Manifest, Last Port Clearance and so on. Seal ship’s bonded store.
Before customs officers come on board, the captain should get all necessary documents and forms ready and inform the crew about the customs regulations. Possessions must be declared, otherwise, they will be regarded as smuggled goods. At last, the officers will check and seal the bonded store, of course, you should leave out some for the crew’s daily consumption. My experience is that you need to cooperate with the customs officers well.  
4. Describe the shipboard immigration formalities.
(a)The main duties of the immigration officer;
(b) Preparations before immigration officers come on board;
(c) Your experiences you have ever had with immigration officers.
  The main duties of the immigration officers are to:
1. check the crew list, the crew’s passports and the seaman’s books.
2. check the passenger’s list and passports.
3. issue shore passes.
4. check if there is any stowaway on board
  Before the immigration officers come on board, the captain should get all necessary certificates and documents ready for inspection.
My experience is that you need to cooperate with the immigration officers well.
5. Describe the shipboard quarantine formalities.
(a) The main duties of the quarantine officer;
(b) Preparations before quarantine officers come on board;
(c) Your experiences you have ever had with quarantine officers.
The main duties of the quarantine officers are to:
1. ask for the crew and passenger list.
2. check the Bill of Health and inoculation papers.
3. inquire if there is any epidemic in the lat port of call or if there are any patients on board at present.
4. check the sanitary condition.
5. check the de-ratting Certificate and rat guards mounted.
Before the quarantine officers come on board, the ship should get ready all preparation works, including the latest Bill of Heath, crew list, the vaccination list and the yellow book. My experience with quarantine officers is that you need to cooperate with them well.
问答题:
1. What’s the validity of the Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate?
  Five years.
2. What flat should be hoisted when a vessel requires quarantine inspection?
  Flag Q (Quarantine flag/ Yellow flag)
3. Can a ship enter a foreign port before quarantine inspection?
  No, she can’t.
4. Why must the customs officer seal the Bonded Store?
  To prevent smuggling.
5. Please list 5 ship’s certificate.
  International Tonnage Certificate, International Load line Certificate, Certificate of Vessel’s Registration, Certificate of Vessel’s Nationality, Ship Safety Navigation Certificate.
6. Are cigarettes and liquor exempted from customs duties?
No, they aren’t. Only the amount within the customs allowance are exempted from customs duties.
7. How can the captain do with the shore passes before leaving a port?
The captain needs to collect them and return them to the immigration officer.
8. Which certificate prescribes the general requirements or the function of radiotelegraphy installation for lifeboat on board?
It is the Safety Radiotelephony Certificate.
9. Which certificate specifies the freeboard assignment of a ship?
It is the International Load Line Certificate.
10. Which document demonstrates a ship being in a fit and efficient condition and classed?
It is the certificate of class.
11. If your ship needs provisions and/or replenishments, how do you get them?
I’ll contact the agent to recommend a good ship chandler to come on board, discuss the price , check the quality, make a deal with him.                  
12. What documents should you show when you go through the customs formalities?
Captain’s Declaration, the Import Cargo Manifest, Last Port Clearance, Crew Lists, Crew Personal Articles Lists, Stores and Provisions List and so on.
13. Who issues the shore passes to the crewmembers wishing to go ashore?
The immigration officer issues the shore passes to the crewmember wishing to go ashore.

















Chapter Three
1. Describe the responsibilities as a watch officer while the ship is at anchor
  (a) The regular operations for anchor watch
  (b) Emergency handling in case of dragging
  (c) Conclusion
The responsibilities as a watch officer while the ship is at anchor are as follows:
     (1). The regular operations for anchor watch:
       (a) Check anchor position frequently.
       (b) Pay attention to the vessel’s surrounding and other vessel’s condition in the vicinity.
       (c) Pay attention to the weather condition.
     (2). In case of dragging, inform the master, inform harbor control and engine room and carry out emergency measures: veer out more chain on the anchor dropped or drop the second anchor, veer out good scope then weigh the first anchor.
2. Describe the proper way of using VHF.
  (a) How to operate VHF set proper;
  (b) General rules of using VHF;
  (C) Rules of using VHF Channel 16;
Pick up the receiver and set the calling channel, then press the button on the receiver handle
and speak. If the channel is not chosen, when turned on, the VHF will tune automatically to Channel 16.
VHF should be used correctly and according to the Radio Regulations. The following in particular should be avoided:
1. Non-essential transmissions;
2. Transmitting without correct identification;
3. Use of offensive language, etc;
Channel 16 may only be used for distress, urgency and very brief safety communications. For
other communications, it should be conducted on a suitable working channel.
4. Describe the procedures before arrival at a port.
5. The preparations from the bridge;
a) The preparations from the engine room;
b) The preparations from the deck;
Before arrival at a port, the following preparations should be made on the bridge: ETA sent to pilot station with all relevant information, including ship’s name, call sign, draft, speed, etc. Available port information and other navigational information should be consulted. All appropriate flag/light signals should be displayed; Large-scale charts for entering port should be prepared; Latest weather report and the information on tide, current should be available. Radio checked for berthing instructions; VHF channels for various services noted; pilot ladder should be rigged on proper side; Pilot card should be prepared; All navigational equipment tested. Sufficient time must be given to the engine department before arrival. The engineers should test the machinery for proper operation, for example, the main engine, the steering gear and so on. The following preparations should be made from the deck: Ship’s crew on stations for entering port; Mooring machinery tested, mooring lines, etc. prepared; Anchors ready for use;
3. Describe the procedures before leaving a port.
a) The preparations from the bridge;
b) The preparations from the engine room;
c) The preparations from the deck;
When the ship leaves a port, all department heads must be notified so they can make the necessary preparations.
The officers should check the operations of cargo handling and get the papers involved ready. After communicate with the port authority, the third officer should test the navigational aids on the bridge and give unberthing notice to the engine room in advance.
The engineers should test the machinery for proper operation and stand by engine. They should keep contact with bridge.
On deck, the hands should prepare for undocking. They should check the cargo stowage and lashing and then close the hatch covers. At last, they should get ready for unmooring the lines fore and aft.
5. Describe the procedures of pilotage.
   (a) The general procedures for pilot request;
   (b) The preparations for receiving the pilot;
   (c) The general rules for pilotage;
   When you want to enter a foreign port, normally you need a pilot. You should call the pilot station by VHF for the request. The ship’s particulars should be reported to the Pilot Station, such as the ship’s name, call sign, Port of Registry, LOA, breadth, draft, and so on. ETA should be reported to the Pilot Station. After the radio request, you should make the following preparations. You should maneuver the ship and rig the pilot ladder according to the instructions of the pilot station. Have a heaving line and lifebuoy ready. Put lights on at the pilot ladder at night.
After the pilot’s boarding, you should lower the flag G and hoist the flag H. The captain and the pilot shall exchange information regarding navigation procedures, local conditions and the ship’s characteristics. The captain and the watch officer shall co-operate closely with the pilot and keep checking the ship’s position and movement. The master is in no way relieved of responsibility for the safe navigation of the vessel by the presence of a pilot on board;
Answer the questions
1. Can you list at least three mooring lines?
The head line; The stern line; The forward breast line; The forward spring line; The aft breast line; The aft spring line;
2. What should you prepare before the pilot comes on board?
  I should inspect the state of the pilot ladder and rig it in proper side;
  Put lights on at the pilot ladder;
  Have a heaving line and lifebuoy ready at the pilot ladder;
3. What is the maximum speed through the water that your ship can anchor without risking breaking the cable?
  The maximum speed over the ground should be below 2 knots or 1.5 knots for full loading vessel.
4. What flag should be hoisted when a vessel requires a pilot? If a pilot is on board, what signal flag will be hoisted?
When a vessel requires a pilot, signal flag G should be hoisted. (Signal letter Golf means I require s pilot)
If a pilot is on board, signal flag H should be hoisted.(Signal letter Hotel means I have a pilot on board)
5. How can a ship get in touch with a port before her arrival?
  Before arrival, the ship can get in touch with a port by VHF.
6. What ship’s particulars will pilot station usually ask for?
ship’s name, call sign, Port of Registry, LOA, breadth, draft, and so on.
7. What should be reported to the pilot station?
ETA, Ship’s Particulars including ship’s name, call sign, Port of Registry, LOA, breadth, draft, and so on. Last port of call, next port of call and destination. Cargo condition.
8. What should be confirmed from the pilot station?
  The following should be confirmed from the pilot station:
1. When and where the vessel shall meet the pilot.
2. On which side the pilot ladder should be rigged.
9. When the vessel enters the VTS area, what is requested to report?
  The following information is requested to report:
a. Ship’s name, call sign and flag state;
b. Ship’s position and course and speed;
c. Last port of call and destination;
d. Cargo condition and any deficiencies or restrictions;
10. What does “foul anchor” mean?
   Foul anchor means that anchor has its own cable twisted around it or has fouled an obstruction.
11. If you are ordered: “Stand by both engines”, how should you reply and report?
   I should reply: “stand by both engines” and report “both engines standing by”
12. Can you list three famous canals in the world?
   The three famous canals in the world are Suez Canal, Panama Canal and Kiel Canal
13. When you request the receiver to remain on channel 16 in VHF communication, what do you say?
   I’ll say “standing by on channel 16”
14. How to rectify the mistake in maritime VHF communication?
   When a mistake is made in a message, say: “Mistake ...” - followed by the word: “Correction ...”  plus the corrected part of the message. Example: “My present speed is 14 knots - mistake. Correction, my present speed is 12, one-two, knots.”
15. How to emphasize the important part of a message in maritime VHF communication?
      If any part of the message are considered sufficiently important to need safeguarding, say: “Repeat ...”- followed by the corresponding part of the message. Example: “My draft is 12.6 repeat one-two decimal 6 metres.” “Do not overtake - repeat - do not overtake.”
16. What does “abandon vessel” mean?
   Abandon vessel means to evacuate crew and passengers from a vessel following a distress.
17. What does the abbreviation “ETD” stand for?
   The abbreviation “ETD” stands for “Estimated Time of Departure”.
18. What does “dredging an anchor” mean?
   Dredging an anchor means the moving of an anchor over the sea bottom to control the movement of the vessel.
19. What does “underway” mean?
   Underway means a vessel which is not at anchor, or make fast to the shore, or aground.
20. What does “dragging of an anchor”, mean?
Dragging of an anchor means the moving of an anchor over the sea bottom involuntarily because it is no longer preventing the movement of the vessel.




















Chapter Four
1. Describe the procedures of carrying dangerous cargo on board.
(a) The acquisition of information about the dangerous cargo.
(b) Precaution on loading and discharging.
(c) Maintenance during the voyage.
The chief officer should acquire some information about the dangerous cargo such as the packing, IMO classes and UN No, nature, compatibility, quantity, country of production and country of destination, notices on loading, care on board and discharging,
During cargo handling, the ship should exhibit appropriate signal as requires. Sufficient protective equipment should be prepared. Emergency procedures should be getting ready. Always check the proper use of the handling gear. While loading: (1) Check the correct technical names in documents and correct marks. (2) Check the careful and safe stowage (3) Check the careful separation. While discharging: check the complete unloading
When the ship is at sea, the condition of the dangerous cargo should be checked at regular intervals including the temperature and humidity. In addition, regular ventilation is necessary.
2. Describe the precautions before entering an enclosed spare.  
(1) The potential dangers in an enclosed space
(2) The normal procedures
(3) The important precaution
There may be lack of oxygen or existence of flammable or toxic fumes, gases or vapors. So nobody should enter an enclosed space without taking some safety measures. Before entering an enclosed space, you need to always check the air, ventilate the space constantly and station a crew member at the entrance to keep in touch with the person entering. The person entering the space should put on protective clothing and breathing apparatus if necessary.
3. Describe the procedures of cargo stowage.
(a) The acquisition of information about the cargo to be carried;
(b) The principles and considerations on navigation safety;
(c) The modification of stowage plan;
The chief officer should acquire the cargo information, especially dangerous cargo. The cargo list should be available and complete. The chief officer should prepare a proper stowage plan, taking the following into consideration: Effective use of the vessel’s loading capacity, reasonable stability, trim and strength, port rotation, the safety of crew, vessel and cargo. The cargo stowage plan should be modified if necessary. Due attention should be paid to dangerous cargo, deck cargo and special cargo, if any.
4. Describe the actions to be taken in case of an oil spill on board.
(a) The initial responses;
(b) The actions following up according to the SOREP on board;
(c) The precautions to be taken;
(1) Report to the bridge about the oil spill;
(2) The bridge should sound the oil spill alarm by whistle or by public address system.
(3) All the crew should muster at their stations.
(4) Take measures to fight against the spillage, prevent spilt oil from spreading and collect the spillage.
(5) Report the spillage to the local pollution control.
5. Describe how to ensure a proper stowage for general cargo.
(a) General factors to be taken into account in cargo stowage
(b) Special considerations for cargo stowage;
The chief officer should acquire the cargo information, especially dangerous cargo. The cargo list should be available and complete. The chief officer should prepare a proper stowage plan, taking the following into consideration: Effective use of the vessel’s loading capacity, reasonable stability, trim and strength, port rotation, the safety of crew, vessel and cargo. The cargo stowage plan should be modified if necessary. Due attention should be paid to dangerous cargo, deck cargo and special cargo, if any.
Answer the questions:
1. How many classes of dangerous cargoes are there according to the IMDG Code? Can you list some?
   According to the IMDG code, the dangerous cargoes are divided into 9 classes:
   Class 1: Explosives
   Class 2: Gases (compressed, liquefied or dissolved under pressure)
   Class 3: Flammable liquids
   Class 4: Flammable solids
   Class 5: Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides
   Class 6: Toxic and infectious substances
   Class 7: Radioactive material
   Class 8: Corrosives
   Class 9: Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles
2. What kind of cargo is classified as flammable cargo?
   Flammable liquids are liquids, or mixture of liquids or liquids containing solids in solution or suspension which give off a flammable vapor at or below 61℃ in closed cup test.
3. Please describe the general nature of general cargo
General cargo consists of a variety of goods and is packed separately
4. Please describe the general nature of bulk cargo
Bulk cargo consists of single cargo and is usually carried in loose without package
5. What kind of cargo is canvas sling suitable for lifting?
A canvas sling is suitable for lifting bags of gain, rice and coffee, etc.
6.  What kind of cargo is chain sling suitable for lifting?
   A chain sling is suitable for lifting logs and iron rails.
7.  What kind of cargo is net sling suitable for lifting?
   A net sling is suitable for lifting small packages and mail.
8.  What does the abbreviation COW stand for?
   COW stands for “Crude Oil Washing”
9. What does “jettison of cargo” mean?
Throwing overboard of goods in order to lighten the vessel or improve its stability in case of an emergency
10. What does “compatibility of goods” mean?
“Compatibility of goods” states whether different goods can be stowed together in one hold
11. What does the abbreviation SWL stand for?
SWL stands for Safe Working Load
12. What does “shifting cargo” mean?
   It means transverse movement of cargo, especially bulk cargo, caused by rolling or heavy list.
13. What does “union purchase” mean?
   A common method of cargo handling by combining two derricks, one of which is fixed over the quay, the other over the hatchway
14.  What preparations shall be done before loading cargo?
(1) The cargo gear should be ready for use.
(2) The holds should be clean and dry
(3) Sufficient dunnage materials should be prepared, such as planks and mats
(4) The safety arrangements in the holds should be functional
(5) Check the hold ventilators for damage
15.  What cargo handling gear and equipment does our vessel have?
Cranes and derricks
16.  What can be used to remove spillage?
Oil dispersants, oil absorbent and so on
17. What is the loading capacity of your vessel?
The loading capacity of my vessel is 25 thousand tons.
18. What shall be ensured before entering the enclosed space?
Check to see if the enclosed space is deficient in oxygen and/or contain flammable or toxic fumes, gases or vapors.
19. Please list some cargo papers?
Booking Note(托运单), Shipping Order(装货单), Mate’s Receipt(收货单), Bill of Lading(提单), Loading List(装货清单), Manifest(载货清单/ 舱单), Cargo Plan(货物配载图), Stowage Plan(货物积载图)
20. What must you wear when you enter an enclosed space?
When you enter an enclosed space, you must wear the protective clothing and breathing apparatus.








Chapter Five
1. Describe the duties of watch keeping when underway.
(a) General rules to watch keeping
(b) Items to be checked and monitored each watch
(c) Special attention for bridge watch keeping
(1) Comply with the Rules of the Road and recommended traffic Separation schemes.
(2) Regulate ship’s course, speed and supervise the safe navigation of the vessel.
(3) Comply with the Company Standing Orders on use of radar.
(4) Plot fixes as required on the appropriate chart
(5) Operate the engine order telegraph or engine control and check engine room acknowledgements
(6) Co-ordinate bridge-to-bridge, ship-to-shore and station-to-station communications
(7) Other duties as prescribed by the captain.
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The duties of watch-keeping when underway are as follows:
General rules as to watch-keeping:
(1) OOW should keep a proper lookout at all times
(2) Observe the practices of good seamanship and comply with the Rules of the Road and recommended traffic separation schemes and other regulations.
(3) Regulate ship’s course, speed and supervise the safe navigation of the vessel. Fix the vessel’s position and plot CPA, course and speed of all closing vessels; take actions to avoid collision.
(4) Obey all written and spoken orders of the master and standing orders.
(5) OOW must immediately call the master at any time the vessel appears to be standing into danger and in various other situations
(6) Record all require entries in the deck log, bell book and course recorder chart
The following items should be checked and monitored:
Steaming plan, required course, speed and way point; ship’s present position; course to be steered; track to be made good; potential hazards to navigation
Special attention should be paid to the low visibility procedure; safety of the vessel and pollution prevention.
2. Describe the bridge shift change
(a) The conditions which must be satisfied before taking over a bridge watch
(b) The procedures for shift change
(c) Special attention for shift change
The relieving officer must go to the bridge about 15minutes in advance, because he must familiarize himself with the lights, surroundings and environment. When handing over a shift, the officer being relieved must tell the relieving officer clearly about the ship’s position, the ship’s surrounding and captain’s night’s orders. After that he should enter his shift’s items into the logbook. As the relieving officer, he should check ship’s surroundings, ship’s position, course and so on. Relieved officer should not hand over the watch to the relieving officer if he has reason to believe that the latter is obviously not capable of carrying out his duties effectively.
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Before taking over a bridge watch, the relieving officer must:
(1) Confirm the ship’s present position
(2) Discuss the navigational situation with the officer on watch to determine the following
a. Course being steered, both by gyro and magnetic compasses and track to be made
b. Aids to navigation to be used during the watch and their condition
c. Position and status of other vessel in the vicinity
d. The proximity of the vessel’s track to potential hazards to navigation, such as shoals, rocks and the like;
e. Weather situation, etc.
Procedures for shift change:
(1) The watch officer must never leave the bridge until properly relieved by a licensed deck officer.
(2) The watch officer must relieve the watch on time, the relieving officer must report to the bridge early enough.
(3) The relieving officer must read and understand the standing orders issued by the master
(4) The change of Conn must be clearly stated and entered in the logbook.
Special attention:
(1) The watch is not to be relieved during a maneuver.
(2) The officer on watch should not hand over the watch to the relieving officer if he has any reason to believe that the latter is not capable to carry out his duties effectively.
3. Describe the differences between navigating in a narrow channel and in a traffic separation scheme.
(a) The rules in navigating in a narrow channel
(b) The rules in navigating in a traffic separation scheme
(c) The major difference in terms of technical navigation
Rule 9 states the navigation in a narrow channel. A vessel proceeding along the narrow channel shall keep as near to the outer limit of the channel which lies on her starboard side. It also instructs how to cross over take and sound signal in narrow channel.
If a vessel proceeds in a traffic separation scheme area, she shall comply with Rule 10. It requires the vessel proceed in the appropriate traffic lane in the general direction of traffic flow for that lane. It also instructs how to join and leave the lane, cross the lane and any other action about the safety navigation.
And if a narrow channel is in the area of Traffic Separation Scheme, the ships navigating in it must comply with Rule 10 first.
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The rules navigating in a narrow channel
(1) Keep as near to the outer limit of the channel which lies on her starboard side as safe and practicable
(2) Overtaking can take place only if the vessel to be overtaken has to take action to permit safe passing
(3) Vessel nearing a bend or an area of a narrow channel shall navigate with particular alertness and caution and sound appropriate signal
(4) Any vessel should, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid anchoring in a narrow channel.
The rules navigating in a traffic separation scheme:
(1) Vessel using a TSS shall proceed in the appropriate traffic lane in the general direction of traffic flow for the lane.
(2) So far as practicable keep clear of a traffic separation line or separation zone.
(3) Normally join or leave a traffic lane at the termination of the lane, but when joining or leaving from either side shall do so a as small an angle to the general direction of traffic flow as practicable.
(4) A vessel shall, so far as practicable, avoid crossing traffic lanes but if obliged to do so hall cross on a heading as nearly as practicable at right angles to general direction of traffic flow.
(5) A vessel shall so far as practicable avoid anchoring in a TSS or in areas near its terminations. The rules of TSS is adopted by IMO and recommended to all vessels and does not relieve any vessel of her obligation under any other rules.
The major difference in terms of technical navigation is that vessel navigating in Traffic Separation Scheme areas usually need to observe ship movement and report rules.
4. Describe advantages of various tools or technologies for proper lookout.
(a) The features of radar observation
(b) The advantage of visual lookout
(c) The correct users of various tools or technologies
Radar, as an important navigational aid, should be made proper use of as an available mean to keep lookout. The major advantage of radar lookout is that by radar. We can clearly observe the traffic near our ship especially in restricted visibility. And we can also obtain early warning of risk of collision.
Keep lookout by sight is the most simple, but most important mean. It should be used in all conditions. By sight, we can identify the light, shape of all kinds of vessels. Keep lookout by sight cannot be substituted by the other means.
While the ship is at sea, the watch officer shall maintain a proper lookout by sight, by radar, and by an available means, so that he can obtain the movements of ships in vicinity and take collision avoidance actions.
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Every vessel shall at all time maintaining a proper look out by sight and hearing as well as by radar …
(1) Radar is an aid to navigation. It can present early warning of collision. But it presents only an instantaneous status with limit ability to record historically past status. It cannot predict anything, especially the maneuvering intent of targets being displayed. There are some limitations of radar since its accuracy will be affected by many factors.
(2)Visual lookout is real and accurate. Under good visibility, visual lookout can get the maneuvering intent of other vessel.
(3)Under poor visibility, radar should be operated in accordance with the Rules of the Road. If the circumstance requires, station additional lookout.
5. Describe the preparations to be done by the Deck Department prior to arrival
(a) General introduction of the responsibilities of Deck Department in pre-arrival situation
(b) Preparations to be done prior to arrival
Before arrival at a port, the following preparations should be made on the bridge: ETA sent to pilot station with all relevant information, including ship’s name, call sign, draft, speed, etc. Available port information and other navigational information should be consulted. All appropriate flag/light signals should be displayed; Large-scale charts for entering port should be prepared; Latest weather report and the information on tide, current should be available. Radio checked for berthing instructions; VHF channels for various services noted; pilot ladder should be rigged on proper side; Pilot card should be prepared; all navigational equipment tested. Sufficient time must be given to the engine department before arrival. The following preparations should be made from the deck: Ship’s crew on stations for entering port; Mooring machinery tested, mooring lines, etc. prepared; Anchors ready for use;
Answer the questions
1. Why is it important to sound fog signals?
    While the visibility is poor, fog signals may indicate the presence of own vessel and warning to the other vessel. It is helpful for collision avoidance.
2. When would you sound the general alarm?
    When the vessel suffers explosion, collision, fire or flooding and is in critical condition and in immediate danger, the emergency general alarm should be sounded.
3. When should an OOW notify the captain immediately for emergency ship-handling or complicated navigation? Please list some.
   When the vessel appears to be standing into danger and in various other complicated navigation situations, the OOW must immediately notify the master at any time for emergency ship-handling. For example:
(1) Failure to make a landfall or navigational sighting at the expected time.
(2) Any time the OOW is in doubt of the vessel’s position or action to be taken.
(3) When sighting any hazard to navigation not marked on the chart.
(4) Loss of the gyrocompass or breakdown of any equipment which affects the speed, maneuvering or safety of the ship.
(5) Any visual or voice distress call.
(6) Any significant lowering of visibility.
(7) Whenever a radar target is first picked up inside of 5 miles and maintains constant or near constant compass bearing and distance to the vessel is not increasing.
4. How does the OOW assess risk of collision generally?
(1) If the compass bearing of an approaching vessel does not appreciably change, the risk of collision exists.
(2) When an appreciable bearing change is evident, particularly when approaching a very large vessel or a tow or when approaching at close range, the risk of collision may exist.
5. How should the relieving officer behave in case a bridge maneuver already took place but has not been over?
   During a maneuvering, the watch should not be relieved. The relieving officer should not take over the watch until such action is over.
6. List the main items to be updated on the pilot card?
   The main items to be updated on the pilot card are:
(1) Dimensions: Draft: forward, aft and air draft, trim
(2) Propulsion: Type, RPM/sea speed, speed loaded/ballast
(3) Maneuvering speeds: Ahead RPM, speed; Astern RPM, speed, D Slow/Half/Full
(4) Radar range and display mode, VHF channel, Gyro error.
7. Besides the collision risks, what else should you monitor on watch in reduced visibility?
Carry out dead reckoning at regular intervals to ensure the vessel to navigate on intended course, monitor the navigational marks, obstructions and position of the vessel.
8. How do you know the VHF channels to be monitored when leaving port?
Look through Sailing Directions, Guide to Port Entry and List of Radio Signals.
9. What should the captain expect from the OOW on arriving at the bridge?
The ship’s position, course, speed and any other information about navigation.
10. Who should be in attendance when a pilot is on the ladder?
   The officer on watch should be in attendance when a pilot is on the ladder.
11. When would you instruct a lookout to assist you on the bridge?
   In the evening, in restricted visibility, in restricted waters, when traffic is dense and channel is complicated, etc
12. What effect will the general alarm have on all crew?
   When hearing the general alarm, all crew must go to their designated position designated in the muter list and act according to their designated duties.
13. Why is record keeping a necessary part of watch keeping?
By keeping records, the whole voyage is reproduced. The records can be consulted when later voyage is made and as evidence in some cases
14. Apart from those for navigation safety what else should you do on the anchor watch?
The OOW should do the following:
(1) Check anchor position frequently.
(2) Pay attention to the vessel’s surrounding and other vessel’s condition in the vicinity
(3) Pay attention to the weather condition
(4) In case of dragging, inform the master and engine room and carry out emergency measures: veer out more chain on the anchor dropped or drop the second anchor, veer out good scope then the first anchor.
(5) Fire round and anti-piracy measures should be carried out.
15. How would you conveniently, check the compass error in pilotage waters?
   In pilotage water, there are many conspicuous landmarks. I take the compass bearing of one landmark and compare it with the true bearing of the landmark got from the chart. The difference is the compass error.
16. What’s the name of your vessel and call sign?
My vessel’s name is Blue Whale. My call sign is ALPO (Alfa, Lima, Papa, Oscar.)
17. What is your flag state?
My flag state is China.
18. What is your position?
My position is three zero degrees north, one two three degrees east.
19. What is your present course and speed?
My present course is zero zero zero degrees and my speed is one four knots.
20. What is your ETA at pilot station?
My ETA at pilot station is one one zero zero UTC
21. What is your draft fore and aft?
My drafts are ten meters forward and eleven meters aft.
22. What is your ETD from the port?
My ETD form the port is one one zero zero UTC.
23. What is your freeboard?
My freeboard is four meters.
24. What’s your air draft?
My air draft is 15 meters
25. Are you underway?
Yes, I am underway.
26. What is your full speed?
My full speed is 15 knots.
27. Do you carry any dangerous cargo?
No, I do not carry any dangerous cargo.
28. Do you have any list?
Yes, I have list to port.
29. Are you on even keel?
Yes, I am on even keel.
30. How was your position obtained?
My position was obtained by GPS.
31. Is your radar in operation?
Yes, my radar is in operation.













第六节 修船与船体保养
口述题
1. Describe the formalities before carrying out a ship’s repair.
     (a) The necessity of carrying out a ship’s repair;
     (b) The formalities before a ship’s repair begins;
     (c) Special attention paid to the repair
  Carrying out the ship’s repair is to ensure the safety of equipment and ship itself to avoid accidents and improve the ship’s productivity.
  Before the ship repair begins, various formalities must be prepared, such as the pipe plan, general arrangement plan, capacity plan, and ship’s drawing, etc. The items to be repaired must be determined and ship’s documents concerned must be got ready.
  During and after the repair, special attention must be paid to the quality of all the repaired items, fire protection and safety.
2. Describe the procedures of carrying out hull maintenance.
      (a) The preparations before carrying out hull maintenance;
      (b) The contents of hull maintenance;
      (c) The cautions to be taken while carrying out hull maintenance.
    The hull is to be maintained according to the company’s annual maintenance plan as per the ISM Code. It is very important to safeguard the safety of navigation.
    The person concerned is to inspect the extent of corrosion and makes decision in choosing the proper tools for different deficiencies and measures to be taken. Besides, the person in charge of the maintenance is to be appointed.
    The rusty part must be sandblasted, painted, cut and welded, if necessary, mostly over the shell plate above the water.
    Take safety arrangements to protect the safety of personnel; pay attention to the fire protection.
3. Describe the procedures of carrying out an overhaul for navigational aids.
(a) The necessity of carrying out overhaul of navigational aids.
(b) The contents of the overhaul:
(c) The cautions to be taken.
Navigational aids are critical in safeguarding the life and property at sea, which deserves great concern.
Generally, radar, VHF, GPS, GMDSS, echo sounder, etc. are to be checked and overhauled where necessary by technicians.
When undergoing the overhaul, the technician should be assisted by a crewmember and the procedure must be in strict compliance with the Manual.
4. Describe the procedures of carrying out the maintenance of rigging.
  (a) The preparations before carrying out the maintenance rigging.
  (b) The contents of the maintenance of rigging.
  (c) The cautions to be taken while carrying out the maintenance.
     Before the rigging maintenance, count and check all the riggings and arrange them out on deck. Get the tools and materials ready accordingly.
     Grease, measure, derust, clean or renew the riggings if necessary. Upon completion of maintenance, put them in place and test after reassembling and replacing them well. Records are to be kept as well.
     Protective work is to be done, such as putting on the gloves, protective suits, helmet, goggles, etc.
1. Why does a ship need maintenance?
  To keep the surface of the ship clean and ensure the ship is seaworthy.
2. Who is in charge of the maintenance work?
  The chief officer is in charge of the maintenance work.
3 Can you list at least five kinds of paint?
  Bottom paint, Anticorrosive paint; primer, anti-fouling paint; surface paint.
4. Can you list some classification societies in the world?
  NK (日本船级社) , CCS (中国船级社) , ABS(美国船籍社), LR (英国船籍社), BV (法国船级社) , etc.
5. What kind of paint is usually given to the ship’s bottom?
  Bottom paint.
6. What kind of paint is usually given to the places such as radiators, pipes and funnels?
  Anti-corrosive paint.
7. What kind of coating is usually applied to anchors and chains?
  Bituminous solution.(沥青清漆)
8. What is the difference between “repair list” and “repair bill”?
Repair list is a list of all the items to be repaired, while repair bill is a list of charges to be paid upon the completion of repair work.
9. What is used to measure the thickness of hull plates?
With ultrasonic wave.
10. Could you list different kinds of ship’s surveys?
Initial Survey, Special Survey; Annual Survey; Periodical Survey; Additional Survey.
11. What should be done before applying a priming coat of paint?
Remove the last of the scale with a wire brush.
12. What kind of coating is usually applied in the double bottom tanks?
The special ballast tank paint should be applied.






Chapter Seven
1. Describe the procedures in handling fire on board.
  (a) The alarm
  (b) The measure taken the fire has been extinguished
  (c) Your position and functions during fire-fighting
(1) Report to the bridge about the fire
(2) The bridge should sound the fire alarm by whistle or by public address/ broadcasting.
(3) All the crew should muster at their stations.
(4) Cut off the oil supply and the power, seal al the ventilation and outlets, and separate the inflammable materials.
(5) Fireman should detect the source of the fire. After evacuating the engine room, release carbon dioxide fire fighting system.
(6) After extinguishing the fire, fully ventilate the site and send out the watchman.
(7) If the fire takes place in the cargo holds, all the holds concerned cannot be opened until the vessel gets alongside.
2. Describe the emergency procedures in handling ship-borne oil pollution.
  (a) The alarm
  (b) Typical and detailed procedures
  (c) Your position and functions during oil pollution
  (1) Report to the bridge about the oil spill
  (2) The bridge should sound the oil spill alarm by whistle or by public address / broadcasting.
  (3) All the crew should muster at their stations.
  (4) The crew shall be divided into 4 groups. Group one is for communication and commanding. Group two is to collect the oil spillage. Group three is in charge of the engine room. Group four is in charge of the rescue.
  (5) Cut off the oil supply captain needs to report as per SOPEP to the authorities concerned.
  (6) Try to repair the leakage fracture/rack.
  (7) Plug the scuppers. Use saw dust or sponge or other oil pollution preventing means to collect the oil. If necessary, he 3rd officer should get the life boat ready.
3. Describe briefly one of the cases that you experienced or heard of as to collision, fire,
flooding, or grounding.
(a) The brief introduction to the story
  (b) Your comments on the successes of the measure
  (c) You comments on the improperness of the measures
  (1) Wait for the high water. If the vessel is aground full length, we may refloat her when the tides rises.
  (2) Adjust the ballast and bunker or deballast. e.g. If the vessel takes aground with the bow in, transfer the cargo afterwards, and vice versa.
  (3) If you cannot refloat he ship by your own means, ask for the assistance from tugs or jettison some cargo.
    In addition, if the ship is aground, you must pay special attention to the watertight of the hull, the stability of the ship and the weather conditions.
Answer the questions.
1. What is your purpose to prepare the Confirmation of Collision Occurrence to the Captain of the other vessel?
  To make the fact clear and avoid possible disputes
2. What shall be usually attached to the report on the collision accident?
Abstract of log book, witnesses, and photo pictures of necessary
3. When should a sea protest be submitted to and endorsed by the authorities concerned?
When heavy weather was encountered, and either ship or cargo might have been damage
4. Generally speaking, which is responsible for the damage after collision between a vessel moored and a vessel underway?
The vessel underway I responsible for the damage
5. What I the sound signal to warn a vessel of he immediate danger of collision?
Five short and rapid blats.
6. What actions are you will take after a collision with another vessel?
Coordinate actions between the two vessels, standby for rescue.
7. What does “SOPEP” mean?
Ship Oil Pollution Emergency Plan
8. Whom shall be reported to in case of an oil pollution incident?
The authorities of the coastal countries
9. What’s the first step in handling the cargo damage caused by the stevedores?
Report the incident to the chief officer and ask the foreman to confirm the cargo damage.
10. What anti-stowaway precautions should you take before the vessel sails from a port?
Patrol the ship and check all the possible places.
11. What is your first response when you detect a fire?
Sound the alarm right away.
12. What can be used to handle an oil spill?
Oil dispersants, oil absorbent, and so on.
13. What are the ways to refloat a grounded vessel?
Wait for the high water, adjust the ballast and bunker or deballast, ask for the assistance from tugs or jettison some cargo if necessary.
14. Can you list some ways of correcting listing?
Adjust the ballast or cargo.
15. What will you first do if you find some oil near your vessel while bunkering?
Stop the operation of bunkering.
16. What will you do first if a crewmember was seriously injured?
Provide first aid immediately and report.
17. What will you do first if your vessel is under attack by pirates?
Communicate with the coast station for assistance.
Chapter Eight
1. Describe the fire precautions on board.
  (a) Fire protection-equipment to be checked
  (b) Procedures of a fire drill
  (c) Summary
   According to SOLAS Convention, the fire protection equipments on board should be checked at regular intervals. So the fire protection equipments can be kept in good working order and readily available for immediate use.
The fire drill shall be held at least once a month on a cargo ship. Each fire drill shall include.
(1) Reporting to the station and preparing for the duties described in the muster list.
(2) Starting of a fire pump.
(3) Checking fireman’s outfit and other personal rescue equipment.
(4) Checking of relevant communication equipment.
Any faults and defects discovered during the drill shall remedy as soon as possible.
2. Describe damage control on board.
  (a) Equipment to be checked
  (b) Damage control activities
  (c) Summary
When the ship suffers collision, grounding or striking a rock flooding will happen. The leak stopper includes: collision mat, cement box, block, etc. they should be checked at regular intervals and can be used immediately.
The damage control team is in charge of leakage. The members can be divided into four groups: Group one for pumping out water. Group two is t measure the leakage and sound tanks. Group three is in charge of leak stopping. Group four is in charge of the rescue. The captain should command the vessel handling to keep the leakage on leeside. If the ship cannot control the flooding, the captain shall ask for assistance and find a safe position to beach. The captain shall instruct the officer on watch to enter the accident in the logbook, and he must report the facts to company and appropriate authorities.
3. Describe the measures taken on board if aground.
   (a) Particulars to be clarified
   (b) Actions to be taken in different situation
   (c) Summary
(1) Wait for the high water. If the vessel is aground full length, we may refloat her when the tide rises.
(2) Adjust the ballast and bunker or deballast, e.g. If the vessel takes aground with the bow in, transfer the cargo afterwards, and vice versa.
(3) If you cannot refloat the ship by your own means, ask for the assistance from tugs or jettison some cargo.
In addition, if the ship is aground, you must pay special attention to the watertight of the hull, the stability of the ship and the weather conditions.
4. Describe the measures taken on board if on fire.
   (a) Particulars to be clarified
   (b) Actions to be taken in different situation
   (c) Summary
   (1) Report to the bridge about the fire
   (2) The bridge should sound the fire alarm by whistle or by public address/broadcasting.
   (3) All the crew should muster at their stations.
  (4) Cut off the oil supply and the power, seal all the ventilation and outlets, and separate the inflammable materials.
  (5) Fireman should detect the source of the fire. After evacuating the engine room, release carbon dioxide fire fighting system.
  (6) After extinguishing the fire, fully ventilate the site and send out the watchman.
  (7) If the fire takes place in the cargo holds, all the holds concerned cannot be opened until the vessel gets alongside.
Answer the questions.
1. What kind of fire extinguisher can you use for an electric fire?
Carbon dioxide or dry chemical power
2. What cannot be used for electric fire?
Foam extinguisher. Because foam conducts electricity
3. What are the three components of fire?
Heat, fuel and oxygen
4. How often is a fire drill required to be carried out on cargo ships?
Fire drill should be held once a month.
5. What must you do first if you find a fire on board?
  Sound the alarm and report to the bridge immediately.
6. What do the muster lists show?
  Crew’s station and liability in firefighting and boat drill.
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The muster list should specify:
(1) The general emergency warning signals: the general emergency alarm signal consists 7 short blasts followed by one prolong blast.
(2) The  duties assigned to the different members of the crew:
(3) Which officers are assigned to ensure that life-saving and fire appliances are maintained in good condition and are ready for immediate use ;
(4) Specify the substitutes for key persons who may become disabled, taking into account that different emergencies may call for different actions;
(5) The duties assigned to crew members in relation to passengers in case of emergency,
7. What will you first do if you see a person falls overboard?
  Throw a lifebuoy to him.
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(1) Call out”man overboard”.
(2) Throw lifebuoys overboard.
(3) Keep your eyes on the man in the water.
(4) Tell an office the person’s position in water, or telephone the bridge immediately.
8. How often is a boat drill required to be carried out on board a cargo ship?
  Once a month.
9. Can you list at least three different kinds of fire extinguishers?
  Carbon dioxide extinguisher
Dry powder extinguisher
Foam extinguisher
10. In general what parties are involved in a fire drill?
  Fire fighting party, separation party, rescue party, etc.
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(1) Fire-fighting team
(2) Rescue team
(3) First aid team
(4) Support team
11. Where should fire control plan be located?
   In the corridor of the main deck and in the watertight boxes marked “Fire Control Plan” on both sides outside the accommodation quarters.
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   The fire control plan should be located near the gangway on port and starboard side and inside the accommodation, outside of cabin in a box which is not affect by wind and rain.
12. How often should the lifeboat be launched into water?
   Once every 3 months
13. What does “retreat signal” mean?
  Retreat signal is the sound, visual or other signal to a team ordering it to return its base.
14. What is “general alarm signal”?
   A sound signal of seven short blasts and one prolonged blast given with the vessel’s sound system.
15. What does “fire patrol” mean?”
   A member of the watch is going around the vessel at certain intervals so that an outbreak of fire may be promptly detected.
16. What is “damage control team”?
   Damage control team is a group of crewmembers trained for fighting flooding in the vessel.
17. What is on fire?
Engine room is toxic.
18. Is smoke toxic?
Yes, smoke is toxic.
19. Is fire under control?
Yes, fire is under control.
20. Is the fire extinguished?
Yes, fire is stopped.
21. Has flooding stopped?
Yes, flooding is stopped.
22. How much water is in the vessel?
It is not established.
23. Is danger imminent?
Yes, danger is imminent.
24. What is the nature of sea bottom?
It is rocky.
25. What is the sea state?
The sea state is rough.
  
Chapter Nine
1. Describe the procedures of search and rescue operations.
(a) The ways to transmit distress alerts
(b) The procedures for emergency responding
(c) The patterns of search and the ways to implement a SAR mission.
There are several ways for vessel in distress to transmit distress alerts. The vessel in distress may transmit distress alerts by radio equipments (including radio telephone, DSC, NBDP, etc) or through INMARSAT A or C or by EPIRB.
When receiving a distress alert from other vessel, my vessel should do like then following:
(1) Transmit message of acknowledgement and Mayday relay.
(2) Advise the vessel in distress of the intent of my vessel.
(3) Keep a listening watch on communication frequency VHF channel 16.
(4) Maintain a proper lookout by sight and hearing as well as by all other available means appropriate to the prevailing circumstances.
General speaking, there are four patterns of search. They are expanding square search, sector
search, parallel search and ship/aircraft co-ordinate search.
2. Describe the responses when a person falls overboard.
  (a) The responses of the officer on watch
  (b) The ship maneuver available to man overboard responding
  (c) Attention to be paid in such operation
When anybody on board is found overboard, the officer on board should take measures to try to save the man overboard. Release man overboard alert. Stop engine and hard helm to the same side on which the man falls overboard. Arrange someone to keep overboard in sight. Notice captain and stand by engine.
The rescue ship should take maneuvering like: single turning double turning, Williamson turning, Scharnow turning.
During the above operation, pay attention to the following:
The single or double turning can be taken when the man overboard I found at early time and is kept in sight.
Williamson turning can be carried out on condition that the man overboard is found and is not clearly invisible.
Scharnow turning can be used when the m an overboard is lost at sea.
3. Describe briefly the GMDSS.
  (a) Main objectives of GMDSS
  (b) The components of GMDSS
  (c) Main functions of GMDSS
GMDSS is the short form for Global Maritime Distress and Safety System. Its main objectives are:
a) Satisfy the need of search and rescue and safety communication at sea.
b) Satisfy the need of communication at sea
GMDSS includes NAVETEX; EPIRB; NBDP; DSC; INMARSAT A, B, C, F; and other equipments.
The main function of GMDSS is to provide emergency and safety communication and broadcast safely information at sea as well.
4. Describe briefly the DSC distress alert.
  (a) The function of DSC
  (b) The format of a distress alert
  (c) Summary
The DSC distress alert is used to carry alert and distress watch by means of which takes the place of the function of 500 kHz and 2182 kHz distress alert and distress watch. O it increases the possibility of distress alert being received successfully.
The DSC equipment is equipped with VHF CH70, DSC watching machine and receiving machine according to the vessel’s sailing area. The DSC distress and safety frequency of the watching machine is keeping a twenty-four hours watch.
The DSC distress alert can carry out ship-to-ship, ship to shore and shore to ship distress in any sea area.
Answer the questions.
1. What does “initial course” mean in search and rescue operation?
  Initial course is the course directed by the OSC or the other authorized person to be steered at the beginning of a search.
2. What does “jettison of cargo” mean?
  Jettison of cargo means to throw goods overboard in order to lighten the vessel or improve its stability in case of an emergency.
3. What is the difference between heel and list?
  List means the inclination of the vessel caused by inside factors, such as the distribution of the cargo on board.
Heel means the inclination of the vessel caused by outside factors, such as winds, current.
4. What does “EPIRB” stand for?
  Emergency Position Indication Radio Beacon
5. What does SAR stand for?
  Search and Rescue
6. What is INMARSAT short for?
  The International Mobile Satellite Organization; previously the International Maritime Satellite Organization
7. What does UTC stand for?
  Universal Time Coordinated
8. What does RCC stand for?
  Rescue Coordination Center
9. What is SART?
  Search and Rescue Radar Transponder
10. Can you list three or more search patterns?
   (1).square search
(2).sector search
(3).parallel track
(4).ship/aircraft coordinated search
11. What does a “hampered vessel” mean?
   A vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver by the nature of its work or its work or its deep draft.
12. What does MMSI stand for?
   MMSI stand for the Maritime Mobile Service Identity(海上移动通信身份识别)
13. What is “muster list”?
   A emergency plan including both abandoning vessel and fire fighting.
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   Muster list is a deployment to assign different duties to different crewmembers in case of emergency.
1). muster list specifies details of the general emergency alarm and also action to be taken by crew and passengers when this alarm is sounded.
2). specifies how the order to abandon ship shall be given.
3). Shows the duties assigned to the different members of the crew.
4). Specifies which officers are assigned to ensure that life-saving and fire-fighting appliances are maintained in good condition and are ready for immediate use.
5). specifies definite signals for calling all members of the crew to their boat and fire stations and shall give all particulars of these signals.  
14. What does OSC stand for?
   On-Scene Coordinator
15. What does VHF stand for?
   Very High Frequency
16. What is the result of search?
   The result of search is negative.
17. Will you abandon vessel?
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   No, I will not abandon vessel.
   I must abandon vessel due to explosion.
18. How many lifeboats will you launch?
   I will launch one lifeboat.
19. How many persons will stay on board?
   Five persons will stay on board.
20. Can you proceed to distress position?
   Yes, I can proceed to distress position.
21. What is your ETA at distress position?
   My ETA at distress position is 1200UTC.
22. What kind of assistance is required?
   I require fire-fighting assistance.
Chapter Ten
1. Send a MAYDAY message according to the given information
  (a) Ship’s name; Blue Whale
  (b) Call sign; WXCP;
  (C) Distress Position: 47004’N, 500 08’W.
  (d) Nature of distress suffered: being on fire after explosion in engine room.
  (e) Assistance required: fire fighting assistance.
  MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY.
This is Blue Whale, Blue Whale, Blue Whale.
MAYDAY.
Blue Whale, WXCP
Position: four seven degrees aero four minute north, zero five zero
degrees zero eight minutes west.
Explosion and fire in the engine room.
Request: fire-fighting assistance.
Over.
2. Send a MAYDAY message according to the given information:
  (a) Ship’s name: South Pacific
  (b) Call sign: NOPE
  (c) Distress Position: 22004’N 1270 08’E
  (d) Nature of distress suffered: Grounded on the bow;
  (e) Assistance required: tug assistance.
  MAYDAY MAYDAY, MAYDAY
  This is South Pacific, South Pacific, South Pacific
  MAYDAY.
  South Pacific, NOPE.
  POSITION: two two degrees zero four minute north, one two seven
  degrees zero eight minutes east.
  Ground on the bow.
  Require tug assistance.
  Over.
3. Send a PANPAN message according to the given information:
  (a) Ship’s name: White Snow;
  (b) Call sign: ALMI:
  (c) Distress Position: 22004’N 1270 08’E
  (d) Nature of distress suffered: Breakdown of main engine:
  (e) Assistance required tug assistance.
  Pan-pan  Pan-pan  Pan-pan.
  This is White Snow, White Snow, White Snow.
  Pan-pan
  White Snow, ALMI.
  Position: two two degrees zero four minute north, one two seven
  degrees zero eight minutes east.
  Main engine breakdown.
  Require tug assistance.
  Over.
4. Send a PANPAN message according to the given information:
  (a) Ship’s name: Blue Whale;
  (b) Call sign: BERN;
  (c) Distress Position: 22004’N 1270 08’E
  (d) Nature of distress suffered: Breakdown of steering gear:
  (e) Assistance required: convoy.
Pan-pan  Pan-pan  Pan-pan.
This is Blue Sea, Blue Sea, Blue Sea.
Pan-pan.
Blue Sea, BERN.
Position: two two degrees zero four minute north, one two seven
    degrees zero eight minutes east.
Steering gear breakdown.
Require convoy assistance.
Over.
5.  Give instructions on how to embark and behave in lifeboats or life rafts.
(c) Attention to be paid before entering
(d) Attention to be paid while entering
(e) Attention to be paid after entering
Before entering the lifeboat, you should check the condition of it. You should make sure he lifeboat is I good working order. Then detach the hook of boat, the lashing rope, release the rope. Take off the brake on davit; operate the davit. Lower embarkation ladders, check the crewmember’s life jackets, and take care of the embarking action. All crewmembers go down to the boat one by one. Operate the remote control rope in boat, release the brake and remote control rope when the boat is lowered to water surface. Operate the handle of automatic disengaging gear in boat; detach the rope from the boat. Tart the boat engine; drive the boat from the ship quickly. You should check the boat’s surrounding and the potion the boat.
6. Give briefing on how to respond to emergency signal for boat drills.
(a) Items to be taken;
(b) Clothing to be put on;
(c) Other work to be done
When the emergency signals are sounded, all crewmembers should have to go to their assembly station. Put on your lifejackets. Then check the lifejacket fittings and belongings. Start the davit motor. Ready for lowering the boat. Detach the fore (aft) side hook. Take off the fore (aft) boat nest. In boat, control the fore (aft) fall.. Send out fore (aft) rope and guy. Take the life buoy to the boat, pt on boat plug and get ready the fender and the buoy. Make fast the fore (aft) rope. Lay out the embarkation ladder. All crewmembers go down to the boat one by one.
Answer the questions.
1. What does MAYDAY calling mean in marine communication?
  It means the vessel is in distress or in critical danger.
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  MAYDAY calling means the ship is in imminent danger and require imminent assistance./ a vessel is in distress
2. What should be included in MAYDAY message?
(1).The word MAYDAY. The signal indicates the ship is threatened by grave and imminent danger and requires imminent assistance.
(2).Distress call: THIS IS
Distress message:
Vessel’s name and call sign; the position of the vessel; the nature of the distress; the assistance required; any other information which might facilitate rescue
3. What does PANPAN calling mean in marine communication?
  It means information or warning may b very urgent indeed and should be prefix with pan-pan, pan-pan.
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  PANPAN means the message concerning an urgent situation at sea. For example, ship has maneuvering difficulty; steering gear broke down; stability problem; lost dangerous goods of IMO class; spilling oil; crewmember overboard or crewmember seriously injured.  
4. What does SECURITE mean in marine communication?
  It means message concern safety of navigation.
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  SECURITE is used to indicate the message concerning a safe communication.
5. What are passengers advised to put on while abandoning the vessel?
  Passengers are advised to put on warm clothing, long trousers, long-sleeved shirts/jackets, strong shoes and head covering.
6. What is the general emergency alarm?
  The general emergency alarm is an emergency warning signal for all persons on board. The general emergency alarm is a sound signal of seven short blasts and one long blast given with the vessel’s sound system.
7. Can you give a briefing on how to put on lifejacket?
  (1).Place the lifejacket over your head and pass your arms through the arm holes.
(2).Take the tapes hanging down in front, and tie an overhand knot in them across the chest.
(3).Draw the tapes well taut and complete the knot by tying a double bow.
8. What can be used to attract attention after abandoning the vessel?
  Light, flag, sound signals, smoke, signaling lamp, or a distress flare or rocket can be used to attract attention of other vessels or aircrafts.
9. Where is the fire?
  I am on fire in engine room.
10. What kind of assistance is required?
   I require firefighting assistance/tug assistance.
11. What problems do you have?
   I have problems with steering gear.
12. Where is the damage?
   I can not establish damage/ The damage is on the bow.
13. What part of your vessel is aground?
   I am aground forward/amidships/full length.
I cannot establish which part is aground.
14. When do you expect to refloat?
   I expect to refloat when weather improves/when tide rises.
15. Are you ready for helicopters?
   .I am ready to receive the helicopter.
16. Report injured persons.
   Port Control, port control, this is motor vessel Utopia, I have one injured person. He is a bosun and need medical assistance.
17. Is the fire under control?
   Yes, fire is under control.
18. Where is flooding?
   I am flooding in engine room./below water line.
19. Can you proceed without assistance?
   Yes, I can proceed without assistance.
20. What is the visibility in your position?
   The visibility in my position is poor.
21. What is the wind direction and force?
   The wind direction is NE, force 8.
Chapter Eleven
1. Please describe the outline of Port State Control.
(a) The typical procedures;
(b) The actions to be taken when deficiencies are found;
(c) Attention to be paid during inspections.
The PSC inspectors may come o board a vessel unexpectedly after it takes a berth in a foreign port. The boarding party for the inspection is usually made up of two or three officers. They first come to the saloon to inspect various certificates of the ship. They will check the certificates are ready and valid. Secondly, the officers are called up to the saloon to lead the PSC inspectors boarding the bridge. All the charts and nautical publications should be corrected and updated before inspection. Thirdly, they start inspecting the navigation equipment. Fourthly, they inspect the lifesaving and fir-fighting equipment. If any deficiencies are found, the captain shall make great efforts to rectify all the deficiencies before ship’s departure and improve the ship’s condition in case on being detained.
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(1) Check ship’s certificates and documents, all certificates must be available and valid. for example. Safety Radio Certificate, Safety Equipment Certificate.
(2) Check crew’s certificates of competency and it’s validity,
(3) Carry out inspection or more detail inspection, including a spot check.
(4) PSCO may witness a fire or a boat drill carried out by crew assigned to these duties on the muster list.
The actions to be taken: Ask the ship to fix items of defects before leaving or before arriving at next port; Fined; If the defects endanger the safety of  life, the ship is to be detained and not allowed to sail;
During inspection the ship officer should pay attention to the coordinate with the PSCO.
2. Please describe the preparatory work or the daily maintenance work to be done by you before a PSC inspection.
  (a) Your daily maintenance work
  (b) Preparatory work before PSC inspection;
  (c) Some successful experiences
At present, PSC inspection is extensively carried out on ships that have not been inspected in the last six months. Through the inspection authorities have their own characteristics respectively; their common interest is the life-saving apparatus, the fire-fighting equipment and system, the watertight devices and system and other emergency equipment. Among them, USCG lays special emphasis on the oil pollution preventing equipment and crew’s capability; AMSA gives much thought to the structure deficiencies. Therefore, the captain should get well prepared for the inspection. He should try his best to keep the aforementioned equipments and systems well maintained by making arrangement for routine maintenances. He should establish proper regulations concerning fire and pollution prevention on board. The third officer is responsible for fire fighting and life saving equipment all crewmembers should carry out the drill at regular intervals to improve their capability in fire fighting and life saving.
3. Please describe a story of your success in passing through PSC inspection.
  (a) The general scenario;
  (b) The actions taken by you;
  (c) Some successful experiences.
Before coming on board, the PSC usually will check the vessel’s outside appearance and know something about the vessel’s maintenance, personnel on duty, etc. and thus have a general impression of the vessel. During the inspection of the vessel’s certificates, documents or during the process of inquiring the crew, the PSCO will try to find any evident proof that any body on board is not familiar with ship’s safety and pollution prevention. If there is any, the PSCO will have a much more detailed inspection.
On my last voyage, in order to pass through the PSC inspection successfully, first of all, we tried to keep the vessel well maintained at all time. Secondly, before the arrival at a port, we prepared for the inspection carefully and got al the tings needed ready for inspection. Every crewmember got familiar with their own duty and liability. Thirdly, when the PSCO coming on board, every one on board was polite and talked with the PSCO fluently.
By this way, we passed through the PSC inspection successfully.
4. Make a comparison between different ports in different states.
  (a) The difference in procedure;
  (b) The difference in assessing risks or targeting factors;
  (c) The difference in key inspection items;
PSC inspections are conducted to ensure that foreign ships are seaworthy, do not exist a pollution risk, provide a health and safe working environment and comply with relevant international conventions.
PSC inspections may include, but not limited to, checks of documents, certificates, manuals, the vessel’s structural integrity, machinery, navigation, pollution prevention, engineering and safety systems maintenance programs and crew proficiency.
But the emphasis of PSC inspections of different ports in different states may vary. For example, in American ports, PSC inspections place emphasis on the inspection of ship’s fire fighting and life saving equipment. While in Australian ports, PSC inspections place emphasis on the maintenance of the hull, the vessel’s structural integrity, and etc.
5. Describe ISM inspection based on the PSC inspection regime.
(a) The typical procedures;
(b) Particular items to be checked in PSC inspection;
(c) Attention to be paid during the inspection.
The PSCO will mainly inspect the relevant ISM certification, such as the Document of Compliance, issued to the Company, and the Safety Management Certificate, issued to the ship. An SMC is not valid unless the company holds a valid DOC for that ship type. The PSCO should in particular verify that the type of ship is included in the DOC and that the company’s particulars are the same on both DOC and the SMC.
A more detailed inspection of the SMS will be carried if clean grounds are established, which may included absence or inaccuracy of the ISM Code Certification or detainable or many non-detainable deficiencies in other areas. Questions will be asked on company safety and environmental protection policy, safety manual, designated person, drill s and exercises, routine maintenance and records, and so on.
So captain and key persons on board should be able to answer those questions. If deficiencies are found as major non-conformities, they have to be rectified before sailing.
Answer the questions.
1. Can you list some items to be checked for load line requirement in PSC inspection?
  The validity of load line certificate, the compliance of the draft, Plimsoll mark
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  (1).The validity of international load line certificate.
(2).The condition of the hatch coaming and the including packing, cleats and tarpaulins.
(3).The condition of controls of closing appliances.
(4).Means of freeing water from the deck.
2. Can you list some items to be checked for navigational equipment in PSC inspection?
  The working condition of ARPA, siren, gyro, magnetic compass, steering gear and RPM indicator, etc
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  (1).The working conditions of all navigational equipments that cargo ships should carried on board for safe navigation, for example, radar, GPS, rudder, VHF, AIS, VDR, etc..
(2).The starting up time limit and display of radar.
(3).The operation condition of the magnetic compass, the validity of magnetic compass adjusting
(4).The sensibility of gyro compass repeater.
(5).The sensibility of the steering gear, the operating condition of main steering gear, emergence steering gear and auto-pilot system.
(6).The operating condition of the echo sounder.
(7).The internal and external communication system.
(8).The course recorder and rudder indicator.
3. Can you list some items to be checked for life saving appliances in PSC inspections?
  The lifeboat and their riggings, life buoys, life rafts, lifejackets, signals and the record of life saving drills
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   (1).Means of alerting the crew he and passengers.
(2).The number and state of life-saving equipments: life rafts, lifeboat and their launching equipment and maintenance.
(3).The lifeboat attachment: the condition of rudder, propeller, fuel oil tank, etc.
(4).The number and condition of lifejackets and lifebuoys.
(5).Escape routes, the illuminated routes to assembly stations and embarkation position.
(6).Line throwing apparatus and the validity of pyrotechnics.
4. Can you list some items to be checked for fire fighting arrangement in PSC inspection?
  The fixed carbon dioxide fire fighting system, extinguishers, fire main, fire hose, nozzle, international shore connectors and the record of fire fighting drills
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   (1).Fire detection system: fire alarms, smoke alarms.
(2).Portable fire extinguishers: the inspection tags, oxygen cylinders of CO2 extinguishers.
(3).The fixed foam pipes and liquid foam tank, the sprinkler system.
(4).The fixed hydrants and hoses, spanners, nozzles to hydrants.
(5).The ventilation system: the remote control of the means of closing main inlets and outlets and the indicators.
(6).Effectiveness of escape routes, marking and retro-reflective tape.
(7).Fire control plan, the firemen's outfits, and control of fire doors.
5.  Can you list some items to be checked for radio equipment in PSC inspections?
Radio Safety Equipment Certificate, Radio License, the working and checking record of EPIRB, SART, DSC and VHF, etc
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   (1).Radio equipments carried on board.
(2).The validation of the certificate of safety radio certificates and associated record of equipment.
(3).The certificated personnel for operation and for listening periods.
(4).Radio log and radio records.
(5).Operation check may be carried out.
6.  Can you list some items to be checked for accommodation on PSC inspections?
   The sanitary condition of galley, cabins, accommodation area, refrigerating store and provisions store, etc
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   (1).The hydrants and hoses, nozzles and spanners to hydrants.
(2).Fire alarms, smoke alarms.
(3).Portable fire extinguishers.
(4).Effectiveness of escape routes and the condition of marking and retro-reflective tape.
(5).The number and condition of lifejackets and
(6).Alleyways and stairways are not obstructed.
(7).Condition of the air conditioning.
(8).The condition of the drainage and cleanliness.
7. Can you list some items to be checked for MARPOL and Chemical in PSC inspections?
The record of garbage, oily water, bilge managing; the spillage control gear; IOPP, SOPEP, etc
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   (1).Oily water filtering equipment
(2).Oil record book and discharge recordings
(3).Crude oil washing system and inert gas system
(4).Certificates required by MARPOL convention.
(5).Garbage record book.
(6).Up-to-date SOPEP.
8. Can you list some items to be checked for hull, machinery and cargo gear in PSC inspections?
Classification Certificate, cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate, Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate, etc.; the water-tightness of hull, deck and hatch covers, etc.
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   Hull:
(1).The condition of hull maintenance and condition of ladder ways, guard rails, pipe-coverings and areas of corrosion or deck.
(2).The general state on deck, condition of corrosion and stiffening on deck.
Machinery:
(1).The condition of main engine and auxiliary engine, the electrical installations.
(2).The standard of maintenance of the machinery, such as missing of valve, hand wheel, water and oil leaks, extensive corrosion of machinery foundation, etc.
Cargo gear:
(1).The condition of cargo gear.
(2).The condition of hatches.
(3).The safety arrangements in the holds.
(4).The validity of the certificate of cargo gear.
9. How do you describe the influence of ship detention?
The expiry of the certificates, the deficiencies of main equipment, hull and deck water-tightness, life saving and fire fighting equipment and pollution preventing programs, etc
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   The influences of ship detention are to ensure the vessel detained will not present a danger to the ship or persons on board, or an unreasonable threat of harm to the marine environment.
10. How do you describe the influences of “banning of a ship”?
The deficiencies of ISPS, pollution preventing programs, safety management and infectious diseases, etc
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   Banning of ship is a special measure to crack down ships with "three nose"(no ship number and name, no ship's certificate and no port of registry) and cut off lawbreakers use these ships to commit smuggling and other illegal activities order and to protect the safety of the people's lives and property.
11. Do you have some strategies to avoid your vessel to be targeted or detained?
To make out detail plan for PSC inspection and act according to ISM Code
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    In order to avoid the ship being detained, the master and crew should study the procedure for Port State Control and ensure the ship, ship's equipment and crew complying with the standards of relevant conventions and familiar with the essential procedures relating to the safety of the ship, persons on board and environment protection.
12. What are the key items to be checked within your duties on boar?
Life saving and fire fighting appliances
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   (1).The navigational equipments: such as the magnetic compass and the adjusting table, the sensibility of the repeater, the starting up and screen display of the radar, the operating condition of the echo sounder.
(2).The up-to-date charts and nautical publications.
(3).The fire detection system, such as fire alarms and smoke alarms; fire fighting system, such as fix fire fighting systems and portable fire extinguishers, such as portable CO2 extinguishers,CO2 cylinders, weighing records of CO2,portable foam extinguishers, liquid foam tank; firemen’s outfits, such as breathing apparatus, protective clothing, safety lamp, lifeline.
(4).The life-saving equipments and appliances; lifeboats and lifeboat launching arrangements, such as hull, rudder, propeller and fuel oil tank; number of life rafts, date of last services and condition of arrangement of life rafts; the number of lifejackets and lifebuoys.
Chapter Twelve
1. Please describe the main responsibilities of a Ship Security Officer on board.
  (a) The responsibilities while staying in the port;
  (b) The responsibilities while handling security emergencies at sea;
  (c) The responsibilities while conducting a security drill
While staying in the port, co-ordinate the security aspects of the handling of cargo and ship’s stores with other ship board personnel and the relevant port facility security officers. Ensuring that the security equipment is properly operated tested and maintained.
While handling security emergencies, undertake regular security inspections of the ship to ensure that appropriate security measures are maintained. Reporting to the captain and the company security officer or other relevant authority, completing the Declarations of Security upon authorization of he captain
While conducting a security drill, maintain and supervise the implementation of the ship security plan, including the patrolling and guarding. Any problem discovered is to be corrected in time.
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The SSO is responsible for the security of the ship, including implementation and maintenance of the ship security plan an for liaison with the company security officer nd port facility security officers.
(1) The responsibilities while staying in the port;
   The SSO is responsible for checking the DOS, to see whether the ship and port facility
are operating at the sea.
(2) The responsibilities while handling security emergencies at sea:
The SSO is responsible for the security of the ship.
Before entering a port the ship security officer must communicate with the port to find out which security level is applicable.
(3) The responsibilities while conducting a security drill:
        The ship Security Officer is responsible for implementing a security training schedule.
2. Please describe something about Automatic Identification System.
  (a) The basic concept of AIS;
  (b) The main information of receiving or transmitting of AIS;
  (C) The roles of AIS in ship security.
The Automatic Identification System is a ship board radar display and ship board broadcast system that acts like a transponder.
It can reflect the actual size of the ship, with position to GPS. By “clicking” on a ship mark, one can know the ship name, course and speed, classification, call sign, registration number, MMSI, and other navigation information, more accurate and more timely than that available from an automatic radar plotting aid.
With this information, one can call any ship over VHF radiotelephone by name, rather than by “unknown ship..” or some other imprecise means, which ensures reliable ship-to-ship operation, and thus ensures the safety and security and security of navigation.
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The basic concept of AIS: The AIS is device that transmits information about the ship and receives the same from other ships and shore stations. The AIS is an important tool for coasted state to monitor ship traffic and to detect of possible threats.
The main information of receiving or transmitting of AIS: ship’s name, call sign, ship’s speed, course and destination.
The roles of AIS: Transmit the ship’s information
Receive other’s information
Monitor ship traffic by coast states.
3. Please describe Ship Security Alert System (SSAS) on board.
   (a) General introduction to the SSAS;
   (b) The roles of SSAS;
   (c) Summary.
The ship Security Alert System (SSAS) is a ship board radar display and shipboard broadcast system that acts like a transponder.
It is the most important part o the ship security plan, which provides information like position, speed, heading, time of position, etc. with detailed C-map.
It allows cover activation which transmit an alert signal from ship to shore, indicating to competent authority that the security of the ship is under threat or has been compromised. It does not raise the alert on board ship, nor alert any other ships.
4. Please describe something about ship security training and drills.
   (a) The time or interval of such ship security training and drill to be conducted on board;
   (b) The persons involved in ship security training and drill
Crew should be trained annually in respect of their duties as per ISPS, or undertake SSO training when he assumes such a post. A security drill is conducted at least every three months or when more than twenty-five percent of the ship’s personnel have been changed. Security drills and non-security drills are held jointly or separately, where appropriate.
It may involve the entire crewmember, especially the SSO or other security personnel.
Training and drills are to be carried out with consideration of the ship’s situation and according to the Ship Security Plan.
Answer the questions.
1. What does SSO stand for?
  Ship Security Officer
2. What does SSP stand for?
  Ship Security Plan
3. What does DOC stand for?
  Document of Compliance
4. What does SSAS stand for?
  Ship Security Alarm System
5. What does CSO stand for?
International Ship Security Certificate
6. What does ISSC stand for?
International Ship security Certificate
7. What does CSR stand for?
Continuous Synopsis Record
8. Can you list some restricted area on board?
Areas such as, the bridge, main engine room, steering compartment, cargo areas, and other control station.
9. Can you list some responsibilities of a ship security officer?
He is responsible for the security of the ship, including arranging or training and drills, the implementation and maintenance of the ship security plan and for liaison with the company security officer and port facility security officer.
10. Can you list some main ship security equipments/
Ship Security Alert System, Security Lighting, Automatic Identification System, IMO Number
11. Can you describe the general arrangements or responses to security level 1 as a ship security officer?
Monitor restricted areas, ensure only authorized personnel have access to these areas; monitor deck areas and the surrounding areas of the ship; Monitor the handling of cargo and ship store; Ensure the security communication is available all the time.
12. Can you describe the general arrangements or responses to security level 2 as a ship security officer?
Detailed checking of cargo, assigning additional personnel as security lookouts, limit number of accessing points, escort visitors on ship, carry out full or partial searches of ship, etc.
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Security level 2 means the level for which appropriate additional protective security measure shall be maintained for a period of time as a result of heightened risk of a security incident.
13. Can you describe the general arrangements or responses to security level 3 as a ship security officer?
Set up addition restricted areas, leave only one accessing point, keep unauthorized personnel out, stop cargo operations, keep close co-operation with responding to the incident and the port facility. Etc.
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   Security level 3 means the level for which further specific protective security measures shall be maintained for a limited period of time when a security incident is probable or imminent, although it may not be possible to identify the specific target.
14. Can you list some information relating to security that AIS can receive or transmit?
The ship name, course and speed, classification, call sign, registration number, MMSI, and other particulars.   
15. How do you control the unauthorized boarding at gangway?
Sending gangway watch, denying any access of those without identified or proper reasons, escorting visitors of necessary and notifying the SSO if in doubt
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    I’ll inquire about the visitor’s name, nationality, occupation, intention and inspect his ID card.
16. What procedures or controls do you use to ensure security on board before departure?
Inspect the entire ship, especially the security patrol area for any dangers or stowaways; Report promptly any suspicion and implement relevant response procedure. Each ship crew should confirm the inspection result.
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   Carry out s stowaway search and inspect restricted area
   Check the operation condition of AIS
   Check Ship Security Alert System
17. What are the typical problems identified in security drills?
Damage to the cargo or essential ship equipment, unauthorized access to ship, including stowaways, attacks from seaward whistle at berth, at anchor or at ea, etc
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The security organization of the ship is not complete
The vigilance of the personnel on board to the security is not high
The relative person is not clear with their duties about security.
第三部分   外派船员面试
  实习生,水手
1. Please tell me what’s your major in the maritime university/college/school?
你在什么学校学的是什么专业?
I major in navigation/engineering/ communications for four years/ three years.
2. What courses (subjects) have you got during your studies there? Which courses do you like most? Why?
你在大学里都学了那些课程?你最喜欢那一门或哪几门课程,为什么?
Well, quit a lot, including some basic curses such as physics, mathematics, politics, and some professional courses, see appendix)
3. Why do you want to be a sailor?
你为什么想当一名船员?
       I like sailing and traveling very much. When I was a child, I had great admiration for the capable captains, whose stories always deeply impressed me. I love the sea, if I am a sailor someday, I will have the chance to enjoy the life at sea. Besides, I want to put the knowledge I have learned in school into practice. Otherwise, it will make no sense for me to learn them. And also, I am a village guy and my family is not rich. I was told that being a sailor is a comparatively good paid job; I hope I can earn more money to help my family live a better life.
4.  How long do you want to be a sailor?
   你想做几年船员?
       It is hard to say. But I wish to work as long as possible, maybe until I become a captain/chief engineer. To work as a chief engineer/a captain is a long-cherished dream for me.  
5.  What other plans do you have for the coming 5 to 6 years?
    未来5到6年里,你有什么打算?
    I shall work as a seaman. During this time, I will work hard to get the C/O certificates and I   wish I will work as a C/O in five years time.
6.  Do you think that sailing is a very ideal job for you?
   你认为海员工作是个理想的工作吗?
   Yes, because it pays well and I love the life at sea.
7.  When do you want to get married?
    你想什么时候结婚?
    I have not got a definite idea on this. But I think I’ll get married in at least 3 years.
8.  Do you have any hobbies? What’s your favorite hobby?
    你有什么业余爱好吗?你最喜欢那种业余爱好?
        I like soccer very much, and I was a member of school soccer team. I also like basketball and table tennis.
        I like football best because I think the football sports can help us cultivate a kind of team work spirit. Everybody should have this quality when work on board ships; it’s the guarantee for the successful carrying out of every daily work.
9.  If you work on board for one year, will you be very home sick?
    如果你在船上工作了一年的话,你会想家吗?
No, not very much. I have stayed away from my parents for several years, so I cannot be too home sick. I think working together with so many officers and engineers must be fun for me.
10.  Have you got a girlfriend? If you have, will you miss your girlfriend when you work on board for a whole year?
    你有女朋友了吗?如果有了, 在船上工作一年会不会很想女朋友?
        Probably, I will miss her very much. But I know that it is not easy for me to get the job and I should cherish the working opportunity. And I hope my girl friend will understand the special requirement of the sailor’s profession.
11.  If you are asked to do a lot of jobs on board, will you have some complaint?
    如果在船上让你干很多工作的话,你会有抱怨吗?
        I won’t. But it depends. If the job assignment is reasonable, and if I can manage it, I will have no complaint. But if the jobs are too hard and too much for me, I may tell my supervisor that I am not capable to finish it within a certain time. But anyway, I will not quarrel with my supervisors on these. Instead, I will try my best to communicate with him.
12.  In you opinion, how can you get along well with others in your work team?
    你认为,怎样才能在工作团队中与别人友好相处?
Well, I think it is very important to trust others, give then tolerance, be kind to others and try to help others in daily life. Besides, friendship and frankness are important in daily life. I think I can get along well with other if I work on board because I had very good relationship with my classmates when I was in the university.
13.  How many departments are there in a vessel, and what are they? As far as you know, what equipments are there in the bridge/deck/engine department? What positions are there on board?
    船上有几个部门,都叫什么名称?根据你的了解,甲板部/轮机部都有哪些设备或机器,知道它们的大致位置吗?
As far as I know, usually, a ship has three departments:  the deck department, the engine department and catering department. There used to be a radio department on board, but now, this department’s functions are implemented by the deck officers.
In the deck department, there are the C/O, the 2/O, the 3/O and bosun, AB and OS, mass boy. In the engine department, there are the C/E, the 1st engineer, the 2nd , the 3rd engineer, the oiler No. 1, the ordinary oilers, the fitters, and possibly the carpenters.
14.  What is main engine? What are subsidiary engines? Tell me the names of some auxiliary engines?
什么叫主机? 什么叫辅机? 讲出几个辅机的名称。
Main engine is the engine that offers propulsion and power for the whole ship; while auxiliary engines, on its narrow definition, refers to the generator. However, theoretically, auxiliary engines refer to all those engines in the engine room other than main engine, such as generator engine, generator, fuel oil purifier, emergency generator, life boat engine, emergency fire pump, fuel oil control, air-conditioner, refrigerator and so on.
15.  Tell me how the fresh water is produced through the fresh water generator?
    请简单说说造水机的工作原理
    Start the sea water pump and supply sea water to the fresh water generator heating chamber;
    Start the ejector pump and provide the chamber vacuum up to 93% about;
    Open the condenser sea water inlet and outlet valves;
Open the jacket water inlet an outlet valves;
Keep the heating chamber temperature at 45 degrees Celsius
When the condenser distilled water level increase to up level, start the distilled water pump and keep its pressure don’t less than 0.2Mpa.
Switch the salinity monitor on and set the salinity content of not more than 0.6%.
Open the fresh water tank inlet valve;
Now, the fresh water generator is in normal running condition.
16.  If you work as a 3rd officer, what is your duty hours every day? Any what is your main duty?
    如果你在船上做三副,你的主要职责是什么?
The third officer shall perform the necessary duties as required, such as those relating to navigational watch (0800-1200; 2000-2400) and cargo watch;
To fix the ship is underway and reports to the captain;
To prepare the reports, navigational statistics conditions and report the necessary items  to the captain;
To help the C/O in supervising cargo handling operation;
To measure the draft at the discretion of the C/O or captain;
To the captain on the bridge with anchoring and mooring and unmooring work;
Before leaving port or shifting anchorage, to inspect communication systems and important items related to the navigational system and other department;
To maintain and manage the life boat saving appliance and fire fighting equipment maintenance log and inventory and prepare records when instructed to do so;
To do some paper work and other jobs that is assigned by the captain.
17.  If you work as a 4th engineer, what is your duty hours every day? And what are your duty hours?
如果你在船上作三管轮,主要职责是什么?
As a 4th engineer, I may have the following duties:
Watch keeping form 0800 to 1200 and from 2000 to 2400;
Assisting the Second Engineer in all technical aspects;
Be responsible for operation and maintenance of other auxiliary machinery except those taken over by the third engineer;
Be responsible for taking positive measures in the safe and efficient operation of all machinery, and guarding against fire and oil pollution;
Be responsible for safety procedures and maintenance of all safety equipment, and engine control system in a thoroughly efficient state;
Be responsible for assisting in bunkering and fuel transfer operation under the direction of the Second Engineer;
Be responsible for carrying out instructions relating to ballasting and de
18.  Please name some types of vessels in the world.
    请讲讲当今世界上的主要船舶种类
       General cargo ship, bulk carrier, car carrier, log and timber vessel, oil tanker, chemical tanker and LPG ship, container vessel, VLCC (very large container carrier) and some other purposed vessels.
19.  Tell us some very important canals/straits in the world.
    说出世界上几个主要的运河和海峡的名称
Panama Canal, Suez Canal, Kiel Canal(基尔运河), Bosporus Channel(博斯普鲁斯海峡), Gibraltar(直布罗陀海峡), English Channel, Mozambique Channel(莫桑比克海峡), Malacca Strait(马六甲海峡), Taiwan Strait, Berlin Strait(白令海峡), etc.
20.Tell me the whole names of the following anonyms: IMO, STCW78/95, SOLAS74; ARPA, RADAR, GMDSS, MARPOL73/78, IOPP, GPS, and ISM.
IMO is International Maritime Organization who’s headquarter is in London. IMO is the organization under the United Nations.
IOPP means International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate(国际防止油污染证书)
STCW95 means International Convention on Standards of Training, Certifications and Watch keeping for Seafarers, 1995. (1995年海员培训,发证和值班国际公约)
SOLAS means International Convention for the Safety at Sea.(国际海上人命安全公约)
MARPOL means International Convention on the Prevention of Maritime Pollution. (国际防止船舶造成污染公约)
GMDSS is Global Maritime Distress and Safety System. (全球海上遇险与安全系统)
GPS means Global-positioning System. (全球定位系统)
ISM means International Safety Management Code.
21.  Have you ever worked on board the training vessel of your university or school? If you have, what have you learned from your training vessel, and whom did you work together on board the training vessel?
你在学校的实习船上干过吗?如果干过,通过学习,都学到了那些技能?你在实习时和谁在一起工作?
Yes, I have worked on board the training vessel for about two weeks. During my training there, I learned a lot about a real vessel. Basically, I just did some odd jobs, including helping the chief cook to wash the vegetable, chipping, painting, and so on. But this is very important to me, because I knew roughly how the work on board is carried out, and the engineers and officers told me a lot about the practical jobs on board. Anyway, it is a great benefit to me.
三副
1. Can you tell me about your educational background and working experience as a seaman?
I graduated from Shandong Jiaotong University in July 2004. Since April, 2004, I began my seaman’s career. I have worked on board two ships. On the first ship, I worked as a clerk cadet for 10 months. On the second ship, I worked as a 3/O for nearly a year.
2.  Can you tell me something about your last vessel?
My last ship was a general cargo sailing globally, but mainly from European ports to the US ports and Canada ports. I worked on that vessel for 13 months as a third officer.
3.  What are your responsibilities as a third officer?
(1) To perform sea watch and cargo watch, from sea watch and cargo watch, from 0800-1200 and 2000-2400 hours;
(2) To assist the chief officer in supervising cargo handling operation;
(3) To measure the draft at the discretion of the chief officer or the captain;
(3) To assist the captain on the bridge with anchoring, mooring and unmooring operation
underway;
(4) To inspect communication systems and important items related to the navigational system and other department before leaving port or shifting anchorage;
(5) To maintain the life-saving appliances and fire fighting equipment and make records in the maintenance log and inventory book;
(6) To do some paper work and other jobs assigned by the captain.
4.  When do you call the captain to the bridge?
If the captain were not in the bridge room, according to some rules and my experience, I would call the captain to the bridge under the following circumstances:
(1) When I do not know the correct actions to take;
(2) When the giving away vessel does not give away a rule and cannot get into with it;
(3) When navigational equipment fails to respond;
(4) When receiving the distress call;
(5) When navigational marks are missing or in the expected time;
(6) When the depth sounding do not have expected result;
(7) When entry into heavy traffic, low visibility areas;
(8) When main engine speed decreases or breakdown;
(9) When approaching the poor visibility areas
    (10) When the vessel is in danger and I am not sure how to react;
5.  Who is responsible for the LAS and FFE equipment on board a ship?
LAS means life saving apparatus; FFE means fire fighting equipment. The third officer is responsible for the maintenance of all these apparatus. The maintenance records should be logged.
6.  How often and what do you inspect the lifeboats?
Usually I inspect and test important parts of the lifeboat on a weekly basis. My checking points include attachment to the hull, lifeline, handrail, and the condition of rudder, fuel oil tanks, fresh water, and food and so on. After checking, I make records in the maintenance book and log book.
7.  What action should you take while you find fire in the cabin?
I should sound the fire alarm first, and then inform the bridge, the engine room and the captain immediately. I will use the portable fire extinguisher to put the soonest possible if the use the portable fire extinguisher to put out the fire the soonest possible if the fire is not that serious. At the same time, I shall watch the fire carefully and wait for the serious, fire-fighting team assistance. When the fire fighting team is in their respective position, I will come to my position on the Fire Muster List.
8.  What do you know about the ISM Code? What are DOC and SMS?
        For answer to the first question, please refer to the Questions and Reference Answers for the captain. DOC means Document of Compliance. It is issued to a shipping company by a classification society or a maritime administration. SMC means Safety Management Certificate. It is issued to a ship by a classification society or a maritime administration.
9.  Why must you check the compass error between the gyro and magnetic during the watch?
The duty officer should check the difference between the two compasses at least every hour. If significant error between magnetic and gyrocompass is found, compasses must be adjusted and corrected immediately. If the gyro-compass breaks down, I shall immediately report it to the captain.
10.  How do you check the ship’s position when you keep the anchor watch and which way is the best?
I can use three ways i.e. Radar fixing, GPS fixing, landmark fixing to get the vessel’s position and define the anchor position. But I think the best way is radar fixing because it is more precise and reliable. For the sake of safety, instead of using only one means, all the other ways available should be used. At the dame time, lookout is still very important.
11.  What preparations should you make in anticipation of the PSC inspection on board the ship?
        I should check very carefully the FFE and LSA to make sure the function well. I should also make sure that all the logs and records of the FFE and LSA and the drills are available for inspection.
12.  How do you check the CO2 system?
         The CO2 system is the fixed fire sighting system. I do the checks according to the checklist. First, the date of last service, CO2 pipelines and bottles should be checked. The air blow test should be carried out to make sure that the system works well enough. Certificates also need to be checked to make sure they are up-to-date. The weight of the CO2 in the bottles should be tested at regular interval.
13.  During cargo watch, what should the third officer on duty do?
        According to the cargo stowage plan, the third officer must ensure the safety of the personnel, the cargo and the ship. He should watch and supervise the loading operation and cargo stowing, and report the accident and abnormalities, if any, to the chief officer. The third officer should keep watch on the weather, the mooring conditions, sea and vicinity condition, and check the draft regularly. All records should be made in the logbook.
14. What is the maximum blood alcohol concentration (BAC) rate on board?
     According to some rules and regulations, the BAC shall not be more than 0.04% by weight of the blood any time when being tested. But watch-keepers are not allowed to drink any alcoholic beverage 4 hours before their watch, Anyway, I shall refer to the SMS manual of the company to get some more detailed regulation in this regard.
15. When RADAR, ARPA and other positioning systems are in use, does the use of these apparatus relieve your duty of look-out as a watch-keeper?
      No, the working of these apparatus does not relieve the watch officer of his duty to maintain a proper look-out at all time. You cannot depend on the machines too much. Lookout (deck watch) is always very important, especially in some passages, inside the port and in some dangerous sailing areas. Delayed actions will possibly give rise to big accidents.
16. When the vessel departs the port, what preparation shall the captain do?
   (1) He shall make various principal calculations such as the tide, current and the time of sun-rise and sun-set that are necessary for securing safety during port entry or departure.
   (2) Check to see that disembarkation of the visitors and the embarkation or disembarkations of supernumeraries in accordance with the safety management records.
   (3) Check to see that the deck crewmember are on board.
   (4) Prepare and check signal flags, make sure that the Port Clearance and other formalities are well prepared.
   (5) Make sure that the pilotage and tug service are prepared.
17. How often do you check and correct the chronometer(天文钟)?
I shall check and correct it on daily basis. The record of each correction shall be put into the record book. Besides, the chronometer shall be sent ashore for cleaning during each shipyard repair period.
18. When working on the bridge, when do you call the engine room for information?
Whenever necessary to ascertain that engine room and bridge clocks are synchronized;
At least one hour before starting or ending a sea passage;
As soon as it appears that engine operation maneuvers may be required, with one hour's notice if possible;
Whenever the ship machinery operation may be affected by weather or other condition changes,  such as shallow water approach, concentration of marine life or seaweed, ice in water, or change of trim or draft due to ballasting shifting;
One hour before inert gas system operation is required (for tanker);
One hour before steam is required on deck;
Whenever the temperature fails to 2 degree centigrade to prevent damage to equipment;
At least one hour before the standby generator is required;
As soon as an excessive some is to be turned;
Whenever the cargo pumps are used;
One hour prior to getting underway.
19. When you join a vessel, what should you do first?
First, I shall report to the captain and familiarize myself with the Emergency Card in the cabin and the Muster Lists, and the crewmember including the captain, other officers and seamen on board the vessel.
Second, with accompaniment of the relived 3/O, I shall have an inspection of those the 3/0 is responsible for. I shall discuss immediately with the captain on any unsatisfactory conditions, including equipment malfunctions. I shall also take over all the documents the 2/O shall take care of. Lastly, I shall prepare for getting underway and test the draft of the vessel, and report the result to the C/O.
A good handover with the relieved 3/O is the very important thing for me.
20. Please tell me parts of a lifeboat in English
For instance, manrope, oars, ration, securing gears, lunch tracks, slip gear, sea anchor, sea plug davit, roll, harbor pin, canvas roof, fresh water fishing gear, medicine, axe, provisions sail makers lather palm, sail makers needle, grommet, serving boards, serving mallets, round mallets, wood hand rids, hatch wedge, rat guards, lifejackets, lifejacket lights, lifebuoys, thermal protector, radar reflector, bailer, hatchets, sponges, lifeboat oil lamps, inflatable life Jacket' immersion suit,  matches, life-saving single, survival manual, waterproof electric torch, boathooks, and so on.
21. If ship co11ision happens during your duty, what procedure should you follow?
Firstly. I shall sound the alarm for emergency;
Secondly, 1 shall inform the captain immediately;
Thirdly, I shall inform the engine room and prepare engine standby;
Fourthly, I shall sound the tanks including ballasting tanks and oil tanks;
Fifthly, I shall, at the discretion of the captain, report to the head office of ship owner, management company and charter at the discretion of the captain;
Lastly. I shall report to the relative department and coastal countries at the discretion of the captain.
22. When should a turnover/handover watch be deferred or postponed?
Usually, under the following situations, the turnover can be deferred or even postponed:
(1) If the officer on watch has reason to believe that the relieving officer is obviously not able to carry out his duties effectively;
(2) When bridge maneuver is taking place, turnover of watch must be deferred until the action is completed and the ship is in a safe condition for the relief of the watch to take place;
(3) Other critical situation is that the captain or officers concerned believes the handover cannot be done immediately.
23. Under what conditions should you as officer on watch change the ship’s speed?
The OOW should not hesitate to use engine to change the sped of he ship. He should change the ship’s speed on the following circumstances:
(1) when the ship meets restricted visibility;
(2) when the ship is in the traffic density area;
(3) when the ship is in crossing situation or in close quarter situation.
24. What actions should be taken when restricted visibility is encountered or expected?
(1) Call or notify the captain;
(2) Switch on the navigational lights;
(3) Switch on and sound fog signals;
(4) Switch on ARPA and Radar;
(5) Shift to manual steering for maneuver;
(6) Post additional lookout;
(7) Inform and advise engine room for any emergency maneuvers.
25. What precautionary measures are to be done 12 hours before arrival at or departure from any port?
I shall test the following before entering or getting underway:
(1) Primary and secondary steering or gear;
(2) Internal control communications and control alarm;
(3)Standby an emergency generator;
(4) Storage batteries for emergency lighting;,
(5) Main propulsion ahead and astern.
26. What should you do in ease of steering failure?
When there is a steering failure, I shall report to the captain immediately, so that he may take whatever actions are required. At the same time, provided no further incidents occur, hoist signals for a vessel not under command. At the same time, inform the engine room and determine the time necessary for repairs, if possible, so that necessary preparations can be made on the bridge.
27. When is great circle sailing most advantageous? Explain briefly?
The shortest distance between two meridians is the arc of the great circle contained between these two points. The advantages obtained from the use of the great circle sailing are greatest in high latitudes, where there is a large difference of longitude between the points of departure and destination.
28. If a man is overboard, what actions should you take immediately?
I shall throw him a lifebuoy, inform the engine room, change sailing course, make engine full astern and steer towards him. Before he is picked up from the water, medical serve, is prepared in case he is found to be injured.
29. How do you know how many persons a lifeboat is allowed to carry?
Usually, number of persons a lifeboat is allowed to carry is marked on each lifeboat's bows and on at least two or the thwarts.
30. In ease of steeling failure and loss of bridge control, what actions should the officer on duty take?
In case of the vessel fall into loss of bridge control that results from trouble in steering system, the officer of the watch shall take the following measures for the purpose of avoiding the present crisis.
(1) When the trouble occurs in auto steering (AUTO) and Hand steering (HAND), turn the system selection (SYSTEM SWTTCH)to the standby side.
(2) When the steering is still impossible by the measures of above (I), turn the mode selection switch (MODE SWTTCH) to non-follow up(NFU) position to steer the lever.
(3) When the steering is still impossible by the measures of above (2), turn the system to emergency sleeting at local side, together with in use of telephone, transceivers, microphone/loud speaker and repeater gyro/spare compass, etc,
31. If the ship is sailing in the high-density traffic area, what actions will you take if you are on watch-keeping?
The OOW must always be aware of the possibility of navigation in congested waters. If the own vessel is expected to navigate such areas, he must take the following actions:
(1)  Early stay away from the congested area, if possible;
(2)  Arrangement of lookout(s);
(3)  Report to the captain;
(4)  Test of manual steering or changeover to manual steering;
(5)  Contact with Engineers, if necessary;
(6)  If required, reduce down to a safe speed;
(7)  Running in parallel of Power Units of Steering Gears;
(8)  Note the entering and leaving in congested water in the logbook and in the check list.
32. If you do the on-board patrol, what should you pay special attention to during your patrol tour?
Usually, there should be an Onboard Patrol Check List. In the checklist, the following items shall be included which shall be paid great attention when the Onboard Patrol is carried out:
(1)  Check for any sign of a fire;
(2)  Check for leakage of oil or water, abnormal sound, smell and smoke;
(3)  Closure of water-tight doors;
(4)  Confirmation of navigation equipments, steering gear and etc.in working order;
(5)  Inspection of lashing conditions of movable articles on board (and stowage condition of cargo if necessary);
(6)  Thorough light control.
第三节 二副
1. Can you tell me about your education background and working experience?
(Omitted) Please refer to the same questions for the captain.
2. Can you tell me about your last vessel?
(Omitted) Please refer to the answers to the same questions to the captain or chief officer.
3. What are your responsibilities as a second officer?
The second officer is the navigational officer and sometimes also medical officer on board. Besides, the second officer shall assist the chief officer. His duties may include the following:
(1)  Navigation watch keeping (from 1200 to 1600, and from 0000 to 0440);
(2)  Chart and navigational publication corrections;
(3)  Passage plan making;
(4)  Usually working as the designated communications officer;
(5)  Maintenance of communication equipment, instruments and spare parts on board the ship;
(6)  Care of all the basic navigation equipment and instruments, including magnetic compasses, gyrocompasses, gyro repeaters, time changes, depth sounders and course recorder;
(7)  Maintenance of inventories of the stationery;
(8)  Medical duties, and other duties designated by the captain or chief officer;
(9)  Some other work designated by captain or chief officer.
4. Please briefly describe the procedure of dealing with navigational warnings.
Firstly, 1 shall register the navigational warnings in the Register Book and record the warning number in the card.
Secondly, I shall select the charts that are affected by the warnings. Then 1 shall use pens, scissors and glues to fix permanent notices. I shall also use pencils to fix temporary and preliminary notices. The charts are to be corrected according to all the concerned warnings. When I correct, I shall frequently consult the geographical index.      
5. Can you describe the charts correction procedures?
(Please refer to the same question for the captain)
Firstly, the second officer has to make sure that he has received the latest Notice to mariner and that he has to write the notice request on time. The captain shall make emergency request if the latest is not received.
Secondly, the second officer has to record the Notice to Mariner on the correction togs on time according to the chronological order.
Thirdly, when correcting the chart,, he has to make sure that the last small correction has been made on the chart.
Erasure should never be made when deleting information crossed through. Instead, series of short double strokes should be used while correction fluid should not be used.
Always insert information before you delete any information.
6. Who should draft the passage plan on board? What are included in passage plan? When you make the passage plan, what information do you need?
Usually, the passage plan should be prepared by the second officer and approved by the captain. During passage, when an error or mistake is found about the passage plan, it should be reported to the captain first and corrected afterwards by the second officer. But during voyage the passage plan cannot be changed without the captain's approval.
The passage plan should include such information as way points, the distance between way points, courses, current, tide, weather conditions and means of communications, means of fixing position and interval, and so on.
Besides, the following information and publications are necessary in making the passage plan: sailing directions, pilot .book, port entry guidance, tide table's local area warning, warning from the NAVAREA areas, list of light and radio signals, Admiralty Notice to Mariner, sea chart and catalogue of admiralty charts and other publications.
7. What is the scope the passage plan cover? If you miss one or two big or small scale charts for next voyage, can the ship give sea going or not?
The passage plan should cover the sailing route from berth to berth, Lack of information for some areas may lead to some serious accidents,
The ship cannot go if one or two charts are not available.
8. If the signal of “three red lights vertically aligned” is found on board a ship during night voyage, what do you think is wrong with the ship? If a motor ship is moving under the way, but not   under command, what kind of signals should she use? On what occasion do you display two black balls during the day?
The vessel is constrained by her draught. It is very hard for her to maneuver. Our vessel should give a wide berth and take actions to keep away from her.
The motor ship should use not-control lights i.e., two red lights vertically aligned during nighttime, and two black balls vertically aligned during daytime.
  We shall display two black bails when our vessel cannot get out the way of another.
各种信号灯的含义和英文表示也是面视中经常提到的问题。希望二副们全面复习一下这方面的知识。请参阅COLREG 1972  "Navigation Lights" 部分
9. Please describe how you take care of the magnetic compass.
     The liquid magnetic compass should be regularly checked for air bubbles and it should always be covered when it is not in use. The deviation of the compass should be checked and observed during every watch.                                
10. How do you set and adjust gyrocompass?
     The second officer should frequently check the gyrocompass' error. Actually, gyrocompass accuracy should be checked at least once a day at sea and at anchor, and for each course steered. During the watch, the simultaneous check should be made at least hourly. If there is any significant deviation error, the second officer should report it to the captain and record in the Compass Record Book and Deck Logbook. The electronic devices should be kept away from the compasses in a reasonable distance. The chief officer or other designated officers should test the error in the morning and evening.
11. What are your responsibilities as the Second Officer while the vessel is in port?
My responsibilities are to keep good watch, to ensure the safety of life, the ship and the cargo and to maintain good working orders on the vessel.
During my watch I should be aware of the draft, under keel clearance, the state of ship, the mooring conditions so as to avoid dangerous listing, trim or hull stress during cargo operation. I should also make sure that de-ballasting causes no marine pollution, I should watch and super-vise the loading process and report any incident to the chief officer.
12. Please tell me the difference between the great circle line (大圆航线 ) and rhumb line (恒向线)
In theory, the great circle line is the shortest distance between two places, while the rhomb line is longer than the great circle line. However, it is very hard for a vessel just to take the circle line or rhomb line.
13. During cargo loading, if you find cargo damages in holds, what should you do?
I should record them in writing or even photograph the damages and report the situations to the chief officer immediately. The chief officer should report it to the tallyman and ask them to replace the cargo, if possible. At the same time, the officer on duty should make the on-the-spot record.
If the damages are really very serious, we should report to the captain and ask for his instructions.
14. When you usually do the chart work? When you are keeping watch, can you do the chart work?
   Whenever I receive the Notice to Mariner, I will do the correction and drawing as soon as possible.
    Generally, I should not do the chart work when keeping watch. Doing chart work during watch keeping can give rise to some potential danger to the maneuvering of the vessel.
15. What is the maximum blood alcohol concentration (BAC) rate on board?
     According to the STCW Convention, the BAC shall not be more than 0.08% by weight at any time when being tested. Watch-keepers are not allowed to drink any alcoholic beverage 4 hours before their watch. Besides, when  bunkering,  loading and unloading, mooring and unmooring, 4 hours before and after port all the sailor on board cannot have any alcoholic drinks.
16. Please tell me your duties as the medical officer.
     I am responsible for maintaining the medical inventory. I should keep a good record of the use of different medicines and make sure that the aide bags are at proper locations. I should also be careful with the medicine locker. The expired medicines should he replaced on time. When some important medicines are out of stock, I should report to the captain and make requisition for supply.
17. When do you cab the captain to the bridge?
     In the following situations, according to the SMS manual, I will have to call the captain to the bridge:
(1)  When the visibility is lower than the one mentioned in the captain’s standing order;
(2) Breakdown of the main engine, steering gear, gyro-compass or any other critical equipment related to the safety of the vessel;
(3)  When the ship's position and sounding are unusual or strange;
(4)  When the navigational marks or sounding do not appear as expected;
(5)  When heavy weather is encountered;
(6)  When the ship is behaving in an unusual way;
(7)  When marine pollution is seen or suspected;
(8)  When distress message is received or accident observed;
(9)  Any other situation when the officers are in doubt;
(10) Whenever the ship is in danger.
18. When RADAR and ARPAR are in use, do they relieve your duty of lookout as a watch-keeper?
     No, these apparatuses do not relieve the watch officer of his duty to maintain a proper lookout at all times. This is very, important to the maneuvering of the vessel. Accidents often arise because of the officers’ complete dependence on the RADAR, ARPAR, GPS and other equipment, especially in hazardous areas, such as the coast and port areas, low visibility area, restricted areas and heavy weather regions. All in all, the rules and regulation of the COLREG 1972 must be strictly obeyed.
19. What do you know about EC and ECDIS?
     EC means electronic chart, and ECDIS means electronic chart and information system. This system uses the computer technology to provide chart details on a visual display unit, combined with an automatic indication of ship's position, and possibly a radar image, and a  navigation aide. This kind of chart needs basic computer operation skills and automation knowledge.
  20. Can you tell me the main contents of a typical Admiralty. Notice to Mariner? How did you get the Notice to Mariner on your last vessel?
    The Admiralty Notice to Mariners is a maritime publication issued by the Hydrographic Department of the United Kingdom. They include Admiralty Noticed, Australian and New Zealand Notices. They are published on a weekly basis. There is also an annual summary version.
    The Admiralty Notice to Mariner includes 6 Sections.
     Section One, Explanatory Notes and indexes to Section two.
     Section Two, Admiralty Notices to Mariners-Corrections to Charts,
Section three, Reprints of Radio Navigational Warnings;
     Section Four, Corrections to Admiralty Sailing Directions:
     Section Five, Corrections to Admiralty List of Lights and Fog
Signals:
     Section Six, Corrections to Admiralty List of Radio Signals,
     On my last ship, the ship owner provided us with the Notice to Mariners in every major port. If they failed to give the Notice, we’ll send them a request for this.
21. It is very important to get rid of the outdated charts and other SMS documents on board. Why?
       It is very important to keep the latest revised chars (also some other ISM documents on board) in the deck and ermine room, and keep away those out-of-dated charts, because after a period of time, you will not he able to know what documents are the newest ones. The mixture of  the old and new documents on board can easily give rise to some problems for the safety of the vessel, So it is very important to do away with the obsolete documents as soon as possible.
  22. How do you maintain the clocks?
       I am responsible for the vessel clocks except for those in the engine room. Before getting underway, clocks shall be compared and synchronized, and the synchronization record shall be entered into the Deck Logbook.
23. Under what situations do you call the engine room when you are on duty?
     (1) Whenever it is necessary, to make sure that engine room and bridge clocks are synchronized;
     (2) At least one hour before starting or ending a sea passage;
     (3) As soon as it appears that engine operation maneuvers may be required, with one hour's notice if possible;
     (4) Whenever the ship machinery operation may be affected by weather or other condition changes, such as shallow water approach, concentration of marine life or seaweed, ice in water, or change of trim or draft due to ballasting shifting;
      (5) One hour before inert gas system operation is required (for tanker);
      (6) One hour before steam is required on deck;
      (7) whenever the temperature falls to 2°C to prevent damage to equipment;
      (8) At least one hour before the standby generator is required;
      (9) Whenever the cargo pumps are used;
      (10) One hour prior to getting underway.
24. What should you do first after you join a vessel?
      Firstly, I shall familiarize myself with the Familiarization Booklet, the Muster Lister and Emergency Card in my cabin.
      Secondly, I shall report to the captain and get familiar with other officers and crew on board the vessel.
       Thirdly, with accompaniment of the relieved second officer, I shall have an inspection of those items he was responsible for. I shall discuss immediately with the captain on any unsatisfactory conditions, including equipment malfunctions. I shall also take over all the documents the second officer should take care of. A good handover with the relieved second officer is the most important thing for me.
25, When do you have to change from the automatic steering to manual steering?
    The steering mode should be changed from automatic to manual mode under the following circumstances:
    (1) In any emergency situations;
    (2) In diminishing and restricted visibility, as defined by the captain;
    (3) When the ship’s steering in shallow water;
    (4) When the captain thinks necessary.
    When the steering mode is changed, the watch officer’s shall supervise the process.
26. If ship collision happens when you are on duty, what procedure should you follow?
    I should follow the emergency checklist:
    Firstly, I will sound the alarm for emergency;
    Secondly, I will inform the captain immediately;
    Thirdly, I will inform the engine room and prepare engine standby.
    After ship collision, all the tanks should be sounded and the ship owner, manager should be informed of the accident. The accident report should also be sent to the all concerned parties and the coast country. And all the above actions, ship’s position, times. etc, should be recorded properly.
27. Before the ship sails to a new port, if you do not have one or two necessary charts, what should you possibly do?
     If possible, I will ask for help from the captain. If the captain cannot help, I may ask for help from the vessels sailing in the same area. Anyway, I will try to solve the problem before the vessel sails to the port.
28. What is safety speed during sailing? What factors should you consider in deciding the speed of a vessel during sailing in the sea?
    The safe speed is the speed, at which the vessel can take proper and effective actions to be stopped in a safe distance. The following factors should be taken into account to achieve safe speed, the state of visibility, traffic density including concentrations of fishing vessels or any other vessel, the ship’s maneuverability, the state of wind, sea, current, background lights, draught and available depth of water, proximity of navigational hazards, operation of technical equipment on board, ice condition, and so on.
29. When navigating in a crossing situation, as captain or duty officer, what anti-collision measure should be taken? When the vessels are proceed on head-on condition, what anti-collision rule    should be observed? When a power-driven ship and sailing meet in the sea, what anti-collision rule should be observed?
     When two power-driven ships m-e crossing, the ship which has the other ship on her own starboard side shall keep out of way. To do this, this ship can either alter course to starboard side or slow down her speed in order to avoid collision.
      When two power-driven ships arc meeting head-on situation or near head-on situations, each ship shall alter course to starboard so that they can pass on the port side of each other at a safe distance.
      When a ship sails at a higher speed overtakes another ship, the ship shall sails at higher speed or shall alter its course to avoid collision.
      A power-driven ship shall keep out of the way of a sailing ship. This can be done either altering its course or speed up to avoid collision.
  30. You are the watch officer at anchor on an 8,000-ton ship which is about 400 feet long. If the weather becomes foggy and foggy, what precautions should you take?
I would station a man forward with orders to ring the ship’s belt rapidly for about 5 seconds every minutes and anchor man aft to sound the gong likewise. Ship’s whistle or siren would be ready for use in ease of necessity to give warning of my position to a vessel approaching. The signals for this warning shall be 3 blasts in succession.
31. When should a turnover (handover) of watch be deferred or postponed?
    Usually, under the following situations, the turnover can be deferred or even postponed:
    (1) If the officer on watch has reason to believe that the relieving officer is obviously not able to carry out his duties effectively;
     (2) when bridge maneuver is taking place, turnover of watch must be deferred until the action is completed and the ship is in a safe condition for the relief of the watch to take place.
32. Under what conditions should you as officer on watch change the ship’s speed?
     Refer to the Questions and Reference Answers for the chief officer.
33. What actions should be taken when restricted visibility is encountered or expected?
      (1) Call or notify the captain;
      (2) Switch on the navigational lights;
      (3) Switch on and sound fog signals;
      (4) Switch on ARPA and Radar;
      (5) Shift to manual steering for maneuver;
      (6)  Post additional lookout;
      (7) Inform and advise engine room for any emergency maneuvers.
34. What precautionary measures are to be done 12 hours before arrival at or departure from any port?
      I shall test the following before entering or getting underway:
(1) Primary and secondary steering gear;
(2) Internal control communications and control alarm;
(3) Standby and emergency generator;
(4) Storage batteries for emergency lighting;
(5) Main propulsion ahead and astern.
35. What should you do in case of steering failure?
     When there is a steering failure, I shall report to the captain immediately, so that he may take whatever actions are required. At the same time, provided no further incidents occur, hoist the signals for vessel not under command. At the same time, inform the engine room and determine the time necessary for repairs, if possible, so that the necessary preparations can be made on the bridge.
36. When is great circle sailing most advantageous? Please explain briefly.
      The shortest distance between two meridians is the arc of the great circle contained these two points. The advantages of using the great circle sailing are most obvious in high latitudes, where there is a large difference of longitude between the points of departure and destination.
37. How do you do the chart work?
      The chart work must be so detailed that the captain or relieving officer can easily and quickly find out the ship’s last known position and from that they can determine its present position. Detailed chart work includes course line, DR position marked with time and distance, observed position with time and distance plus the position fixing method.
       Special notes like when the captain should be informed and when to slow down, etc. are also needed in some dangerous areas.
  38.  If a man is overboard, what actions should you take immediately?
   I should throw him a lifebuoy and follow the emergency procedure. That is to say, I should sound the alarm, inform the captain and the engine room, make the Williamson Turn and keep constant lookout.
39. What is confine waters? What factor should you take into account when you make passage plan in the confined waters?
     Confined waters means an area of the sea where the width of the safely navigable waterway is not more than about 2 n miles, such as a strait, considering the draft of the vessel and water depth.
     For navigation in confined waters, I shall consider the following matters in planning a passage:
    (1)  Presence\absence of special navigational rules and items to report;
    (2)  Information on the sailing directions, coast pilot, and so on;
    (3)  The draft of the vessel and the navigable area of the sea;
    (4)  The effect of sinkage of the hull (squat) and keeping enough under keel clearance
    (5)  Tides, and a tidal current;
    (6)  Weather conditions and counter-measures against restricted visibility;
    (7)  Use of navigation aids to give a sign, and setting of Parallel Index (line for avoiding danger);
    (8)  Passing time of danger points (daylight/night-time);
    (9)  The degree of congested water-traffic, crowded area with fishing boats, and counter-measures for the above mentioned;
    (l0) The vessel’s maneuvering ability;
    (11) Necessity\lack of necessity for adjustment of the vessel’s speed.
40. What is safety speed during sailing? What factors should you consider in deciding the speed of a vessel during sailing in the sea?
     The safe speed is the speed, at which the vessel can take proper and effective actions to be stopped in a safe distance. The following factors should be taken into account to achieve safe speed, the state of visibility, traffic density including concentrations of fishing vessels or any other vessel, the ship’s maneuverability, the state of wind, sea, current, background lights, draught and available depth of water, proximity of navigational hazards, operation of technical equipment on board, ice condition, and so on.
41. When navigating in a crossing situation, as a captain or a duty officer, what anti-collision measures should be taken? When the vessels are proceed on head-on condition, what anti-collision rule should be observed? When a power-driven ship and sailing meet in the sea, what anti-collision rule should be observed?
      When two power-driven ships are crossing, the ship which has the other ship on her own starboard side shall keep out of way. To do this, this ship can either alter course to starboard side or slow down her speed in order to avoid collision.
       When two power-driven ships are meeting head-on situation or near head-on situation, each ship shall alter course to starboard so that they can pass on the port side of each other at a safe distance.
       When a ship sails at a higher speed overtakes another ship, the ship shall sails at higher speed or shall alter its course to avoid collision.
       A power-driven ship shall keep out of the way of a sailing ship. This can be done either altering its course or speed up to avoid collision.
   42. What is ISM Code? How many chapters are there in ISM Code now? What is DOC and SMC?
        ISM means International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention. It is made by the IMO.
        The ISM Code (as amended) includes 16 Chapters falling into two parts: implementation (Part One), and verification and certification (Part Two). The 16 chapters are: general, safety and environment protection policy, company responsibilities and authority designated person(s), captain’s responsibilities and authority, resources and personnel, development of plans for shipboard operation, emergency preparedness, reports and analysis of non-conformity, accidents and hazardous occurrences, maintenance of the ship and equipment, documentation, company  verification,  review  and  evaluation,  certification  and verifications and control, certification and Periodical verification, interim certification, and forms of certificates. The last four chapters are newly added in the new version of ISM Code.
     SMS means Safety Management System, and this system is made based on the 16 elements of 1SM Code, which is a compulsory part SOLAS74. The ship-owner or manager cannot get Document of Compliance (DOC) and SMC without audited Safety Management Certificate (SMC) by class designated by the flag registry Country administration.
43. In case of loss of bridge control, what immediate actions do you take?
      In case of the vessel fall into loss of bridge control result from trouble in the main engine, steering gear, etc, the officer of the watch shall immediately take the following measures:
     Stopping Engine (in case trouble of steering engine);
     Alerting other vessels sailing nearby (by means of lights for “not under command”, whistle or VHF);
      Reporting to the captain (chief engineer);
      Confirming the vessel position;
      Estimating the drifting direction and speed.
44. Can you name some publications on board the ship?
Standard library on board (applicable for all ships)
Name of the publication
SOLAS 74
MARPOL 73/78
MANUAL ON OIL POLLUTION
Contingency Planning
MANUAL ON OIL POLLUTION
Salvage
MANUAL ON OIL POLLUTION
Combating Oil Spill
Load Line 1966
Load Line Supplementary to Load Line 1966
COLREG 1972 Revision
STCW95
IMO Working Material on Implementation of Revised STCW Convention
MARSAR MANUAL
GMDSS HANDBOOK
Ship’s Routing
Ship’s Routing Amendments 1992
Peril at Sea and Salvage a Guide for Captain
Effective Mooring
Guideline for Control of Drugs and Alcohol Onboard Ship
Ship’s Captain’s Medical Guide
Code of safe Working Practices for Merchant Seamen 1984
SOLAS Training Manual
Flag State Rules, Regulation, Relevant Information and Circulars
ISM and Guidelines on Implantation
Procedure for PSC
International Life Saving Appliance Code
Pollution Prevention Equipment Under MARPOL 73/78
Classification rules, regulations, relevant information and circulars
Additional for Bulk carrier
Name of the publication
International Maritime Dangerous Goods Codes (IMDG CODE)
Supplement to IMDG CODE
Code of Safe Practice for Solid Cargoes (BC Code)
THOMAS STOWAGE
Additional for tankers
Name of the publication
International Safety Guide for  Oil  Tankers  and  Terminals
(IS-GOTT)
Crude Oil Washing System (COW System)
Clean Seas Guide for Oil Tank
Safety in Oil Tankers
Ship to Ship Transfer Operation Guide (Petroleum)
Vessel Particulars Questionnaire for Bulk Oil/Chemical Carriers and Gas Carrier
Tanker Handbook for Deck Officer
Prevention of Oil Spillage Through Cargo Pumproom Sea Valves
Guidelines and Recommendations for the Safe Mooring of Shil~ at
Single Point Mooring
Bridge Team Management
Additional publications for chemical tankers
Name of tile publication
Safety in Chemical Tanker
International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ship's
Carrying of Dangerous Chemical Carried in Bulk
Index of Dangerous Chemical Carried in Bulk
Code of the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying
Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (BCH CODE)


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